I am an old K&R guy, so I am well versed on pointers, addresses, pointers to pointers, etc.  However, I've noticed that in some of the AppWizard created code, "&" is used where I would expect to see a "*".

So I am trying to understand the syntax of, for instance, PreCreateWindow(CREATESTRUCT& cs)

I'm not particularly interested in how or what happens in PreCreateWindow, I am interested in the syntax and what it accomplishes.

Thanks in advance, Rick
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jkrConnect With a Mentor Commented:
This is called a 'reference' in C++, and the name pretty much explains what it means - 'reference' as in 'passing by reference'. For more about this and all the implications, see

- http://www.cprogramming.com/tutorial/references.html

- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reference_(C++)

- http://www.tutorialspoint.com/cplusplus/cpp_references.htm
Subrat (C++ windows/Linux)Software EngineerCommented:
Adding something more on JKR's comment.

In C, function call can be made by
1. Pass by value
2. Pass by reference( It's actually pass by address).

In C++ pass by reference is different than pass by address.

Reference is a concept introduced in C++.
C programmers tells "pass by address" as "pass by reference".

Caller calls the function in the way they are "Calling by value".

Here difference in "call  by value" is, another variable/object would be created. but in "call by reference", it'll not create any new variable/object rather it create an "Alias of passed variable". So in calling function, value of passed variable can be changed which is not possible if you are passing it by value.

To know how reference works, please follow the above links pointed by JKR.
rickhill11Author Commented:
Got it!  Thanks to both of you.  I really appreciate your taking the time.

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