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Windows Disk Partitions

When installing windows OS, by default there is only one big partition named "C:" or I guess it is also called Volume.

However we can also  create E:,F:,etc.....volumes or partitions (whatever the correct name is).
What I need to understand When creating E:F: volumes, does that mean we have created an Extended partition without knowing about it, and inside the extended partition volumes E:F: will reside ?

Any clarification will be very much appreciated
Thanks
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jskfan
Asked:
jskfan
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7 Solutions
 
Seth SimmonsSr. Systems AdministratorCommented:
yes and no...it all depends, really
when you install windows, during setup you can create a partition of a certain size if you want to have other partitions
you can also shrink C later if there is enough space

as far as extended partitions go, for an MBR disk (the disk where windows is installed being less than 2TB) there can only be 4 primary partitions including an extended partition that contains logical partitions.  if the disk is GPT (larger than 2TB) then you don't have that limitation and no need for extended partition
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jskfanAuthor Commented:
we have installed Windows and we have C: drive with 1 terabytes size.
we need to create E:F:G:H:I:J:K:L:M:N  volumes with 50GB each. how can this be done? do we need to create extended partition first, or we do not need to ?
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Seth SimmonsSr. Systems AdministratorCommented:
if it's only 1tb then it's likely MBR
in that case you will need to create an extended partition
first, you need to shrink C
if you right-click on C you should see the option to shrink the volume
assuming you don't have 50% used, shrink it down to a bit more than 50%; maybe down to 450gb.
then you can right-click on the empty space, create new partition and selected extended for the remaining space
then that area will turn bright green
right-click on the extended partition and you can create your 50gb logical drives one at a time
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Neil RussellTechnical Development LeadCommented:
Can I ask what you are installing that needs ALL those drives creating?
E:F:G:H:I:J:K:L:M:N  Thats a LOT of drives on a server.  Do you have an application that will only run with windows drives like that? It is most unusual to see on a server.
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jskfanAuthor Commented:
Neilsr
Just an example, I am not creating that many drives. Just trying to understand the concept of extended partitions.

In Theory it says you can create 3 primary partition and one extended partition inside which you can create  logical volumes.
if I have 1TB C: drive after OS install, then it means I have 1 primary partition. correct ?
how do I create 2 other primary partitions ?

Seth Simmons:  described how to create Extended partitions by shrinking C: drive.
I wonder how would you create 2 other primary partitions since we have only one C: by default ?
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Neil RussellTechnical Development LeadCommented:
In Windows you dont worry about creating additional partitions UNLESS you want more than 4.  You just use Disk Manager and ask it to create a partition.

Long gone are the days of a DOS prompt and FDISK.
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Gary CaseRetiredCommented:
When you create a new partition in Disk Management it will automatically be a primary partition UNLESS it's the 4th partition -- in that case it will be an extended partition.

So you can shrink C; then simply create the additional volumes you want and Windows will automatically manage the partition type for you.
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noxchoGlobal Support CoordinatorCommented:
During Wimdows installation process in advanced drive settings delete all existing partitions. Then create new partition of desired size. For system a 100GB must be ok.
Then after Wineiws is installed right click on My Computer - Manage - Disk Management and create new partitions of remaining space. The first partition creating step will create an extended partition with a logical partition inside. This is new logic of MS since Vista. In XP it would ask which type of partition you need.
If your Windows is installed on MBR drive and BIOS is not set in UEFI mode then the drive is MBR 100%.
If UEFI is enabled and Windows is 64bit then the drive will be GPT. On MBR disk you can have only 4 primary partitions or 3 primary and 1 extended with as many logical partitions as you want.
For GPT disk you can have all partitions primary.
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jskfanAuthor Commented:
garycase

you are saying I can create partitions and they will stil be primary until I create the 4th partition that will be Extended.

noxcho:

you are saying "The first partition creating step will create an extended partition with a logical partition inside."
do you mean the next partition that comes after C: , will be extended ?
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noxchoGlobal Support CoordinatorCommented:
If you do the partitioning via Disk Management then yes. With third party partititoning tool or DiskPart.exe you can select if you want to have this fourth partition primary or extended. But only if the disk is MBR.
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jskfanAuthor Commented:
I will try to test it sometime......Thank you all
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