GitHub Drupal Repository Best Practice?

Some questions about best practice for maintaining a Web application's code in a Git repo*:

* This would be in a private repo.

1) Do I include the settings.php file (that typically would have the db connection string) ?
2) Do I include media assets (PDFs, images, office files, audo/vidoe files?)
3) Would the main branch typically represent the codebase that's on Production, or should I have a seperate repo for Dev, Staging, and Prod?
4) When I deploy from GitHub to Dev, Staging, or Prod, do I run the Git commands from the respective server? (if yes, that would suggest I have to install Git on the server(s). Can I choose between command line versus GUI to run Git commands?
sandshakimiAsked:
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Bernard S.CTOCommented:
1 - Since it is a private repo, including settings.php at this stage seems a good idea. The alternative would be to save it in some other safe and secure place.
2 - Anything is possible. Personally I keep all files except videos (mp4 etc), but anything is possible here. If it is a private repo, I would guess that there are other better suited solution to backuping files that way

I am waiting to read the answers you'll get for items 3 and 4
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