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PHP AES Encryption

Posted on 2015-01-13
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Last Modified: 2015-01-19
Ive been looking at a way of encrypting and encrypting a string, and after a quick google search found several functions to do this and it works great.

However I recently read an article on Experts Exchange which suggests that every time it runs it should return a slightly different value, however I have found no functions in PHP that do this.

Does anyone have any suggestions on how to do this in PHP?

Thank you
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Question by:tonelm54
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LVL 33

Expert Comment

by:Slick812
ID: 40547360
greetings tonelm54, using any non-simple cryptographic  encryption, is not as simple as just getting a PHP code function to encrypt the string. I find that some understanding of what the reason for encryption ( to hide the "valuable" info inside of a string), AND what should be considered for the way or method you use to do the encryption.

You say this -   "every time it runs it should return a slightly different value"

this is true ONLY for a limited input and output encryption. . .  What you should do is use the Cipher Block Chaining Mode (CBC) with a randomized IV -

$ivRand = mcrypt_create_iv(16, MCRYPT_RAND);
$enc = mcrypt_encrypt('twofish', $key, $plain, 'cbc' , $ivRand);
// you MUST send the random IV with the encrypted
$enc  . =  $ivRand;
$enc = base64_encode($enc);
$enc = str_rot13($enc);

ask questions if you need more info
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Slick812 earned 500 total points
ID: 40547395
here is some complex code work to make a specialized PHP HMAC CBC encryption

class encError{public $Number=0,$Message='No Errors';
public function set($eNum=0,$eMes=''){if($eNum<1){$this->Message='No Errors';$this->Number=0;return;}
$this->Number=$eNum;if($eNum>99)$this->Message='ERROR in Decrypt function: '.$eMes;else$this->Message='ERROR in Encrypt function: '.$eMes;}
} // end of class encError


class macCBC {

function __construct($base64 = false){
$this->base64=$base64;
$this->Error=new encError;
$this->algor='twofish';// 'serpent' 'rijndael-128' 'saferplus' 'loki97'
}

public function encrypt($Plain, $Key){
if((!is_string($Key))||(!isset($Key{15}))){$this->Error->set(10,'Key String length less than SIXTEEN');return false;}
$sLen=strlen($Plain);
if($sLen<4){$this->Error->set(20,'Plain String length less than FOUR');return false;}
if($this->Error->Number)$this->Error->set();
$Key=str_pad($Key,32,chr(8).chr(219).'nH!`'.chr(244).'>;0');
$ivRand=mcrypt_create_iv(12,MCRYPT_RAND);
$chop=substr($ivRand,6,4);
$check=hash_hmac('crc32b',$Plain,$chop,true);
$check^=$ivRand{10}.$ivRand{3}.$ivRand{5}.$ivRand{9};
$ivRand.=$check;
$chop=15-($sLen%16);
$sLen=ord($ivRand{11});
$check=ord($ivRand{7})&15;
$chop^=$check;
$ivRand{11}=chr($chop|($sLen&240));
$chop=$ivRand{13};
$ivRand{13}=$ivRand{2};
$ivRand{2}=$chop;
$check=str_split($Key,16);
$check[0]^=$ivRand;
$check[1]^=$ivRand;
$Key=$check[1].$check[0];
$Plain=mcrypt_encrypt($this->algor,$Key,$Plain,'cbc',$ivRand);
if($Plain==''){$this->Error->set(30,'MCRYPT function FAILED');return false;}
$Key=strrev(substr($ivRand,7));
$ivRand=substr($ivRand,0,7);
$Plain=$Key.$Plain.$ivRand;
if($this->base64){$Plain=base64_encode($Plain);$Plain=str_rot13($Plain);return $Plain;}
return $Plain;
}

public function decrypt($Input, $Key){
if((!is_string($Key))||(!isset($Key{15}))){$this->Error->set(100,'Key String length less than SIXTEEN');return false;}
$sLen=strlen($Input);
if($this->base64){if(($sLen<44)||($sLen%4!=0)){$this->Error->set(300,'Incorrect Base64 length of Input string');return false;}
if(preg_match('/[^a-zA-Z0-9\+\=\/]/',$Input)!=0){$this->Error->set(301,'Incorrect Base64 characters in Input string');return false;}
$Input=str_rot13($Input);$Input=base64_decode($Input);$sLen=strlen($Input);}
if(($sLen<32)||($sLen%16!=0)){$this->Error->set(200,'Input string length is NOT Block Size');return false;}
if($this->Error->Number)$this->Error->set();
$Key=str_pad($Key,32,chr(8).chr(219).'nH!`'.chr(244).'>;0');
$ivRand=substr($Input,$sLen-7);
$chop=strrev(substr($Input,0,9));
$ivRand.=$chop;
$Input=substr($Input,9,-7);
$sLen-=17;
$check=str_split($Key,16);
$check[0]^=$ivRand;
$check[1]^=$ivRand;
$Key=$check[1].$check[0];
$Input=mcrypt_decrypt($this->algor,$Key,$Input,'cbc', $ivRand);
if($Input==''){$this->Error->set(500,'MCRYPT function FAILED');return false;}
$chop=ord($ivRand{11});
$chop&=15;
$check=ord($ivRand{7})&15;
$chop^=$check;
if($chop!=15)$Input=substr($Input,0,$sLen-$chop);
$chop=$ivRand{13};
$ivRand{13}=$ivRand{2};
$ivRand{2}=$chop;
$check=substr($ivRand,12);
$check^=$ivRand{10}.$ivRand{3}.$ivRand{5}.$ivRand{9};
$chop=substr($ivRand ,6,4);
$Key=hash_hmac('crc32b',$Input,$chop,true);
if($check!=$Key){$this->Error->set(400,'FAILED to Decrypt correctly; INVALID MAC');return false;}
return $Input;
}

public function RandKeyText($length=32, $less=true){$out='$key = ';$rand=0;$apos=false;
for($i=0;$i<$length;++$i){if(($less)&&($i&1))$rand=mt_rand(32,127);else$rand=mt_rand(0,255);
	if (($rand>31)&($rand<127)){if(!$apos)$out .='\'';$apos=true;if(($rand==39)|($rand==92))$out .='\\';$out .=chr($rand);}
	else{if($apos)$out .='\'.';$apos=false;$out .='chr('.$rand.').';}}
if($apos)$out .= '\';';else $out[strlen($out)-1]=';';
return htmlspecialchars($out);}

} // end of class macCBC

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code below uses the classes above -
$order = array('<', '>');
$replace = array('&lt;', '&gt;');

$keyE = 'Q~'.chr(164).'x'.chr(229).'-"4'.chr(201).'T9K'.chr(133).'F'.chr(217).'H'.chr(17).'"'.chr(131).'dGEr'.chr(21).'~u'.chr(232).'Cv';

$k = time();
$hC = new macCBC();

if($encrypted = $hC->encrypt($plain, $keyE)) {
	$out = str_replace($order, $replace, $encrypted);
	echo strlen($encrypted).' :length - CBC ENcrypted String: '.$out.'<br />';
	unset($hC); // Kill this instance, as if you only do the encryption in production

	$hC2 = new macCBC();// make a NEW instance as you would in production
	$keyD = 'Q~'.chr(164).'x'.chr(229).'-"4'.chr(201).'T9K'.chr(133).'F'.chr(217).'H'.chr(17).'"'.chr(131).'dGEr'.chr(21).'~u'.chr(232).'Cv';
	if($decrypted = $hC2->decrypt($encrypted, $keyD)) {
		$out = str_replace($order, $replace, $decrypted);
		$k2 = time();
		echo strlen($decrypted).' :length - CBC DEcrypted String: ',$out,' |time=',($k2-$k),'<hr>';
		} else echo $hC2->Error->Number,'-',$hC2->Error->Message,'<br />';

} else echo $hC->Error->Number,'-',$hC->Error->Message,'<hr /><br />';

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