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Syntax for putting a varible in a date in SQL

Posted on 2015-01-18
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2015-01-18
I need to know the syntax for putting a date in SQL in Access with a variable.

This is what i want:

dim vYear as Date
vYear = Year(Now)

WHERE FinalDate = 1/1/vYear

vYear is the of course the variable.

Question by:Scott Palmer
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LVL 120

Expert Comment

by:Rey Obrero (Capricorn1)
ID: 40556655
try this

WHERE FinalDate = dateserial(year(now()),1,1)

Author Comment

by:Scott Palmer
ID: 40556663
I am trying to find the data parameters for each year for year to date reporting so the whole WHERE column is this dummy code.

WHERE FinalDate Between 1/1/vYear and 12/31/vYear

What i currently have is this:

WHERE FinalDate Between 1/1/2014 and 12/31/2014

And i was updatting so I would not have to change my code every January with the new year

Also the variable vYear could be the current year or it could be the previous month's year when it is january.
LVL 120

Assisted Solution

by:Rey Obrero (Capricorn1)
Rey Obrero (Capricorn1) earned 1000 total points
ID: 40556673
then you need to use this

WHERE FinalDate = Between dateserial(year(now()),1,1)  and  dateserial(year(now()),12,31)
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LVL 51

Accepted Solution

Gustav Brock earned 1000 total points
ID: 40556717
>  it could be the previous month's year when it is january.

Then it would be:

WHERE FinalDate Between
    DateSerial(Year(DateAdd("m", -1, Date())),1,1)
    DateSerial(Year(DateAdd("m", -1, Date())), 12, 31)


Author Comment

by:Scott Palmer
ID: 40556741
Gustav is correct.  That is why I was hoping to just add variable vYear after 1/110 or 12/31/ that way I would not have to add the longer SQL statement all throughout out my, I could do it once when the form is opened.  So there is no way to do this?


Author Closing Comment

by:Scott Palmer
ID: 40556751
Thanks, I can use the code once when the form opens and store that in a variable for the from and to date.

LVL 51

Expert Comment

by:Gustav Brock
ID: 40557129
You are welcome!


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