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Mail Slots

Posted on 2015-01-21
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Last Modified: 2015-02-19
I need some clarification about the MailSlots present in windows.
I need to use that in my software project.
I know what it is and why we are using .
But I need to know How to implement in my project.
In my project, if version No. changes I need to close my software and restart it.
Plz Help!!!!!!!!
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Question by:Mohan Mani
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jkr earned 500 total points
ID: 40562611
>>But I need to know How to implement in my project.

Check out https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa365785%28v=vs.85%29.aspx ("Reading from a Mailslot") and https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/aa365802%28v=vs.85%29.aspx ("Writing to a Mailslot") as well as http://www.codeproject.com/Articles/6376/Using-a-Mailslot-to-read-write-data-over-a-network ("Using a Mailslot to read/write data over a network") for two complete examples and a comprehensive article about Mailslots.
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by:Mohan Mani
ID: 40565815
Can we restart an slave application by using Mail Slots????
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:jkr
ID: 40566923
If you add that functionality (i.e. react to a mailslot message that way) - yes, sure. E.g. (from the above example, just altered) - check the part that is enclosed in between

        // ****************************************************************

#include <windows.h>
#include <tchar.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <strsafe.h>

HANDLE hSlot;
LPTSTR SlotName = TEXT("\\\\.\\mailslot\\sample_mailslot");

BOOL ReadSlot() 
{ 
    DWORD cbMessage, cMessage, cbRead; 
    BOOL fResult; 
    LPTSTR lpszBuffer; 
    TCHAR achID[80]; 
    DWORD cAllMessages; 
    HANDLE hEvent;
    OVERLAPPED ov;
 
    cbMessage = cMessage = cbRead = 0; 

    hEvent = CreateEvent(NULL, FALSE, FALSE, TEXT("ExampleSlot"));
    if( NULL == hEvent )
        return FALSE;
    ov.Offset = 0;
    ov.OffsetHigh = 0;
    ov.hEvent = hEvent;
 
    fResult = GetMailslotInfo( hSlot, // mailslot handle 
        (LPDWORD) NULL,               // no maximum message size 
        &cbMessage,                   // size of next message 
        &cMessage,                    // number of messages 
        (LPDWORD) NULL);              // no read time-out 
 
    if (!fResult) 
    { 
        printf("GetMailslotInfo failed with %d.\n", GetLastError()); 
        return FALSE; 
    } 
 
    if (cbMessage == MAILSLOT_NO_MESSAGE) 
    { 
        printf("Waiting for a message...\n"); 
        return TRUE; 
    } 
 
    cAllMessages = cMessage; 
 
    while (cMessage != 0)  // retrieve all messages
    { 
        // Create a message-number string. 
 
        StringCchPrintf((LPTSTR) achID, 
            80,
            TEXT("\nMessage #%d of %d\n"), 
            cAllMessages - cMessage + 1, 
            cAllMessages); 

        // Allocate memory for the message. 
 
        lpszBuffer = (LPTSTR) GlobalAlloc(GPTR, 
            lstrlen((LPTSTR) achID)*sizeof(TCHAR) + cbMessage); 
        if( NULL == lpszBuffer )
            return FALSE;
        lpszBuffer[0] = '\0'; 
 
        fResult = ReadFile(hSlot, 
            lpszBuffer, 
            cbMessage, 
            &cbRead, 
            &ov); 
 
        if (!fResult) 
        { 
            printf("ReadFile failed with %d.\n", GetLastError()); 
            GlobalFree((HGLOBAL) lpszBuffer); 
            return FALSE; 
        } 
 
        // ****************************************************************
        // Check if the message is "RESTART"
 
        if (!_tcscmp(lpszBuffer,_T("RESTART"))
        {
            // restart application
        }
 
        // **************************************************************** 
        GlobalFree((HGLOBAL) lpszBuffer); 
 
        fResult = GetMailslotInfo(hSlot,  // mailslot handle 
            (LPDWORD) NULL,               // no maximum message size 
            &cbMessage,                   // size of next message 
            &cMessage,                    // number of messages 
            (LPDWORD) NULL);              // no read time-out 
 
        if (!fResult) 
        { 
            printf("GetMailslotInfo failed (%d)\n", GetLastError());
            return FALSE; 
        } 
    } 
    CloseHandle(hEvent);
    return TRUE; 
}

BOOL WINAPI MakeSlot(LPTSTR lpszSlotName) 
{ 
    hSlot = CreateMailslot(lpszSlotName, 
        0,                             // no maximum message size 
        MAILSLOT_WAIT_FOREVER,         // no time-out for operations 
        (LPSECURITY_ATTRIBUTES) NULL); // default security
 
    if (hSlot == INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE) 
    { 
        printf("CreateMailslot failed with %d\n", GetLastError());
        return FALSE; 
    } 
    return TRUE; 
}

void main()
{
   MakeSlot(SlotName);

   while(TRUE)
   {
      ReadSlot();
      Sleep(3000);
   }
}

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