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T-SQL - One to many exists clause

Posted on 2015-01-22
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Last Modified: 2015-01-22
Tbl A column aRecordID.
Tbl B will have many corresponding records with aRecordID.
(Tbl A to Tbl B is one to many)

Tbl B has a column called productID. I need to grab all of the aRecordID's from Tbl A where ALL of the related records in Tbl B have productID = 1. If any of the related records in Tbl B has anything other than productID = 1, then I don't want the aRecordID from Tbl A.

Hope that makes sense. Thanks in advance!!
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Question by:Rickzzz
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Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40564389
SELECT TblA.aRecordID, TblB.productID 
FROM TblA
    INNER JOIN TblB ON TblA.aRecordID=TblB.aRecordID
WHERE TblB.productID = 1

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Expert Comment

by:Lee Savidge
ID: 40564393
On what column do the tables relate?
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Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40564394
Or since it will return duplicate records (one to many relationship) you can use the keyword DISTINCT to show less records:
SELECT DISTINCT TblA.aRecordID, TblB.productID 
FROM TblA
    INNER JOIN TblB ON TblA.aRecordID=TblB.aRecordID
WHERE TblB.productID = 1

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Expert Comment

by:Lee Savidge
ID: 40564395
Ahh, ignore me, I missed that.
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Accepted Solution

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Scott Pletcher earned 500 total points
ID: 40564401
SELECT a.*, b.* --<<-- change column list to only the columns you want to show
FROM tableA a
INNER JOIN (
    SELECT recordID
    FROM tableB
    GROUP BY recordID
    HAVING SUM(CASE WHEN productID = 1 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) = SUM(1)
) AS b_group ON
    b_group.recordID = a.recordID
INNER JOIN tableB b ON
    b.recordID = b_group.recordID
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Author Comment

by:Rickzzz
ID: 40564415
Thanks!
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 40564467
That code does NOT meet your original conditions:

I need to grab all of the aRecordID's from Tbl A where ALL of the related records in Tbl B have productID = 1. If any of the related records in Tbl B has anything other than productID = 1, then I don't want the aRecordID from Tbl A.
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LVL 46

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40564477
I think the author wanted to say that he only want records with ProductID=1 and not interested in others products. At least is what I understood.
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 40564495
It's very clear that was NOT the original requirement:

If any of the related records in Tbl B has anything other than productID = 1, then I don't want the aRecordID from Tbl A.

That's perfectly clear, absolutely unambiguous.
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Author Comment

by:Rickzzz
ID: 40564502
Actually I just realized this should have gone to Scott Pletcher.
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Author Comment

by:Rickzzz
ID: 40564505
Yes, I selected the wrong one. Is there an admin that can fix.
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Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40564513
Strange for not wanting the aRecordID from TblA (PK) since is the same value of aRecordID from TblB (FK).
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 40564531
[Also no indication that "aRecordID" is a primary key; I won't make that assumption either.  It could be, but that's not really known -- or relevant.]
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Author Comment

by:Rickzzz
ID: 40564532
Thanks, yes don't want anything from Tbl A unless the condition above exists.
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Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
ID: 40564541
(Tbl A to Tbl B is one to many)
(...)
I need to grab all of the aRecordID's from Tbl A where ALL of the related records in Tbl B have productID = 1. If any of the related records in Tbl B has (...)
For me this means that exists a relation between those tables by the column aRecordID.
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Expert Comment

by:Scott Pletcher
ID: 40564552
Of course, but that doesn't meant aRecordID is necessarily a "primary key" (PK), as you stated.
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