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Powershell grep -v

Posted on 2015-01-23
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Last Modified: 2015-01-23
Still pretty new to powershell. I am looking to take the results of:

Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership <user> | Select -Expand Name | Foreach-Object {$_.trim()}

and remove some of the Names that come back. On linux, I could grep -v for say Group1. I am not sure how to remove results from the list. There will be multiple results that I want to remove. So, for this example, lets use Group1 and Group2. Is there a way to do a powershell version of grep -v?
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Question by:stakor
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Qlemo earned 500 total points
ID: 40566293
Since we are not operating with string results but objects in PowerShell, you usually need to do it different. However, you've done string expansion here, so one way is
Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership <user> |
  Select -Expand Name |
  Foreach-Object {$_.trim()} |
  Where-Object { 'Name1', 'Name2' -notcontains $_ }

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With PS 3 and above, we can use the more straightforward -IN:
Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership <user> |
  Select -Expand Name |
  Foreach-Object {$_.trim()} |
  Where-Object { $_ -notin 'Name1', 'Name2' }

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Expert Comment

by:Qlemo
ID: 40566306
grep would translate to Select-String, if like to stay with something more similar:
Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership <user> |
  Select -Expand Name |
  Foreach-Object {$_.trim()} |
  Select-String 'Name1', 'Name2' -NotMatch -SimpleMatch

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This is more like fgrep -v because of -SimpleMatch, which stops using RegEx. Be aware that you would match any part of the name with that (as you do with *grep).
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