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Adding multiple models for the admin page in Django

Posted on 2015-01-23
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Last Modified: 2015-02-07
Hello,

I'm trying to learn Django by building a quiz application.

This is what I have:
 - Table for Question
 - Table for Choices
 - Table for Quiz

I can link the Choices model with the Question model in the Admin page.

But when I try to link the Question model with the Quiz model in the Admin page, I can only add questions; but I cannot add choices. When I try to add the Choices model to the Quiz model without having a ForeignKey relationship between the Quiz and Choices table... but that makes no sense.

Is there any way I can associate the questions and choices in the Quiz page without having the relationship between Quiz and Choices?

Appreciate any help!
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Question by:Errang Genevre
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Expert Comment

by:Gerwin Jansen
ID: 40569156
>> Is there any way I can associate the questions and choices in the Quiz page without having the relationship between Quiz and Choices?

I don't think so, a quiz is made up out of x questions that each have y choices. So to create quiz #1 and then quiz #2 etc. you need to have a relation between quiz and questions (which quiz contains which questions).

For the questions, you need a relation to answers and they need to referred to a a foreign key because you don't want answers for question #1 to be linked to question #2. You can create different quiz's that are made up of a selection of questions. But answers always belong to a certain question.
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Author Comment

by:Errang Genevre
ID: 40569484
So, I would need to have a relationship between Quiz, and Choices (answers) if I want to interact with Choices from the Quiz admin page?
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LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Gerwin Jansen
ID: 40569666
Are you following a tutorial? Got a link maybe?
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Author Comment

by:Errang Genevre
ID: 40569706
I'm just following https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.7/intro/tutorial01/

I'm fairly new to Django; I tried a few combinations to get this working; basically variations of these two:
- adding the Choices table under QuizAdmin
- adding the choices under QuestionAdmin and adding QuestionAdmin to QuizAdmin

I tried searching Google, but I think I confused the poor thing by not phrasing the question properly; or the out of box Django stuff doesn't support this, and I need to write custom code for this.

I'd really appreciate an answer confirming either scenario, so I can focus on what's possible.
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LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:Gerwin Jansen
ID: 40572140
I see, can you post your model? I just followed that tutorial, works fine so far. You have Quiz, the tutorial is about Poll, what did you change?
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Author Comment

by:Errang Genevre
ID: 40572518
Basically what I changed was that I wanted to have different groupings of Polls; that's it. I made minimal changes to Question and Choice; so they are more applicable for a quiz application, but that's it.

Here are the models for Question and Choices:
from quiz_admin.models import Quiz

class Question(models.Model):
    def __str__(self):
        return self.question_text

    quiz = models.ForeignKey(Quiz)
    question_text = models.CharField(max_length=500)

class Choice(models.Model):
    def __str__(self):
        return self.choice_text

    question = models.ForeignKey(Question)
    choice_text = models.CharField(max_length=200)
    answer = models.BooleanField(default=False)

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Here is the model for Quiz, this is in a separate app within the project:
class Quiz(models.Model):
    class Meta:
        verbose_name_plural = "quizzes"
    def __str__(self):
        return self.category_text

    groups = models.ManyToManyField(Group, related_name='group')
    category_text = models.CharField(max_length=200, unique=True )
    category_description = models.CharField(max_length=1000, default="")
    #url = models.URLField()
    course_code = models.CharField(max_length=40, default="CD"+datetime.datetime.now().strftime('%Y-%m-%d_%H:%M:%S'))
    due_date = models.DateField(default=datetime.date.today)
    duration_hours = models.DecimalField(max_digits=5, decimal_places=2, default=0.0)
    required_score = models.DecimalField(max_digits=3, decimal_places=0, default=100)

Open in new window

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LVL 37

Accepted Solution

by:
Gerwin Jansen earned 500 total points
ID: 40574123
I'm not following you I think and my model broke ...
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Author Comment

by:Errang Genevre
ID: 40574389
Heh, that's the problem...

Unless you have a foreign key relationship between Choice and Quiz; Django doesn't seem to want to link up the two tables together.

I'm trying to figure out a way to have the admin page auto generate the elements needed to perform CRUD operations, without having to have a foreign key between Choice and Quiz.
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Author Comment

by:Errang Genevre
ID: 40575078
I think you included Question and Choice in the same admin page, right? Removing the relationship between Question and Quiz should fix it.
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