Will SzymkowskiSenior Solution ArchitectCommented:
This is called slash notation. This identifies how many hosts can be within this network. With a /24 network you can have a maximum of 256 host 192.168.254.1-192.168.354.255. Now you have to take into consideration .1 and .255. 1. is the network ID and the .255 is the broadcast ID. So in actual fact you can have 254 usable IP's.
You also have dot notation with is represented as
255.255.255.0 = /24
it is just another way of expressing the network subnet.
24 means the subnet length is 24-bit in binary (comparing to the whole 32 bits of an IP address), the same meaning for the three groups of 255 in network mask 255.255.255.0.
Correction: .1 is a valid IP address. .0 is the network address.
The /24 notation is also called CIDR - Classless Inter-Domain Routing, because you can use netmasks different from the classic classes A, B or C, which correspond to /8, /16 and /24.
You also have dot notation with is represented as
255.255.255.0 = /24
it is just another way of expressing the network subnet.
Will.