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New Dell computer with 8.1 locks up partially/randomly

I have a customer with a high end Dell tower.  It is running 8.1.  For the last year that they have owned this tower it will randomly lock up so that all applications are locked, but the mouse still moves.   Other times it completely locks up and the only way to turn off is to shut power (power button will not shutdown computer by holding for 10 secs), other times the power button will work.   Other times not all icons or tiles show up.   Could this be software, or is this more likely a hardware issue?  What would be your line of attack on this?
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syssolut
Asked:
syssolut
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3 Solutions
 
David Johnson, CD, MVPOwnerCommented:
hardware: failing disk or not enough memory
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
I will run test on hard drive, but it has 16 Gig of RAM
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Daniel FoyeCommented:
Based on the provided information, two things come to mind:

1) Additional hardware specifics would be helpful.

2) Without said additional info, my first hunch is to suspect the video card and/or driver.   What video card does does the tower have? Is the driver up-to-date?

How about Windows Update? Is the computer updated regularly?
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nobusCommented:
without more info; you can follow 2 routes for identifying the problem; soft or hard
you can try the minimum setup for identifying many hardware problems : disconnect all external devices, leave only 1 ram stick, 1 disk drive, and disconnect cd drives

more info here : http://www.experts-exchange.com/Hardware/Components/Motherboards/A_1945.html                  (Short-overview-of-how-to-troubleshoot-bad-hardware-when-a-pc-does-not-post)

in case the disk has problems, here's what i do :
http://www.experts-exchange.com/Storage/Hard_Drives/A_3000-The-bad-hard-disk-problem.html

**it can even be overheating - install speedfan to monitor : http://www.almico.com/speedfan.php
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
I am picking computer up in two days.   Owner said the computer locks up only when it is in sleep mode or coming out of sleep mode.   Even though the disks never go into sleep mode.   When the owner is using it intensely with printing and running her applications, it does not do this.   Again, the user ran into the issue that the computer locked up and they tried shutting down with the power button on the tower by holding for 15 secs. but it would not shut down, they had to pull the plug.
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Daniel FoyeCommented:
I would alter the current settings for sleep mode.  
Have seen these types of problems before, and I can't tell you an exact fix, unfortunately.
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nobusCommented:
you can change the settings in the bios for sleep mode, if available
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
How do you get into BIOS on Windows 8.1
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Bios says:
Wake up by integrated LAN               Disabled
AC REcovery                                         Power Off
USB PowerShare in S4/S5 State        Disabled
USB Powershare in Sleep State        Normal
Auto Power On                                   Disabled
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Dell XPS tower.    16 GB RAM.   Intel Core i7-4770@ 3.4 Ghz.    2TB Seagate HD,    NVidia GeForce GTX 650 Ti
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
I am downloading an updated Video driver from NVidia.   The sleep mode is set to 1 Min (Per customers request).  It takes almost 1 more minute for the pictures to start on the monitor (pictures set to run while in sleep mode).   In between the computer going into sleep mode and the Pictures starting up, the screen is black and you cannot get it to wake up with the mouse or keyboard before the pictures start.  Any ideas?
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
Let me change above statement.   The computer is set to never go to sleep and Never to turn off display.
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nobusCommented:
it can also help updating the video and other drivers
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syssolutAuthor Commented:
After finding this and  running it, the computer seems to have stopped locking up.    Thanks for suggestions

Open cmd.exe with Run as Administrator.
 DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-Image /Scanhealth (takes 15 - 20 minutes).
 DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-Image /Restorehealth (takes 15 - 20 minutes).
 Restart the computer and test.
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