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Why are my AD users are getting locked out of accounts randomly?

Posted on 2015-01-27
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Last Modified: 2015-01-30
I have a AD network at functional level 2008 and (2) DC's currently running Windows Server 2012 R2.  Prior to promoting those servers, my users were getting randomly locked out of AD, so I made the transition to the new domain controllers.  I have not raised the function level as of yet to 2012.  I did implement many of my users with new email hosting (some exchange and some POP/IMAP), it seems to have started around the same time.

My hosted exchange is not integrated into my AD.
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Question by:Joe Spradlin
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by:Paul MacDonald
ID: 40572810
I've seen script kiddies "hack" servers, sites, and domains using software that tries to guess passwords for common user names.  Consequently, if you have a user named "paul", and I try to log in as paul, and I fail enough times, I'm going to lock his account.

Another possibility is if a user has changed their password, but not updated any devices that use the old password, this can lead to lock-outs too.  So if I have a phone or tablet that pulls e-mail for me, and it's using an old password, it can lock me out as well.
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by:R. Toby Richards
ID: 40572885
His Exchange is on a different domain.
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by:Joe Spradlin
ID: 40572888
You are correct Mr. Richards.  It is hosted.
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R. Toby Richards earned 500 total points
ID: 40572899
The only suggestion I have is to dig into the security logs on the DC, and see when, and from what devices users are being locked out.
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by:Joe Spradlin
ID: 40572906
Got ya...I will try that.
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by:R. Toby Richards
ID: 40572982
If you have a log retention product, then that will make the task easier. I use the free version of Splunk, which is pretty slick. While extremely outdated, I use the last version of Splunk 3.x because as of 4.0 you have to pay to get the feature that can e-mail you if certain search criteria can be met. For example, you could receive an e-mail every time a user gets locked out. The older releases of Splunk are here:

http://www.splunk.com/page/previous_releases
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by:R. Toby Richards
ID: 40572989
Oh, and the Splunk e-mail will attach the associated log in CSV format so that you don't have to go find it on your own.
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by:Joe Spradlin
ID: 40580419
Ok, so what I found out was happening is an application we have that authenticates using AD users was down and the users were logging in several times trying to get into the app.  I have since fixed the issue and now don't seem to have the problem at this time.  Thanks for all the insightful comments.
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