# Sumifs with more than one column as sum range

Hi Experts,

I have an excel spreadsheet with three tabs: Summary, Data and Settings.

In the summary tab i want to use a a formula that shows balances across the columns per each account in each row. The formula will read from the data tab where I have define names for each column as Per1, Per2, Per3.

so, the summary tab will return Bal_2 as the sum of Per1 and Per2; Bal_3 as the sum of Per1...Per3

I have used sum products and sumifs, but I think the issue I have is that sumifs won't sum range more than one column. See my spreadsheet  attached.
test.xlsx
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Author Commented:
Hi Rob,

Thanks for your help on this. Although creating the additional twelve columns for cumulative balances works, I was hoping to be able to this via an array and defined names rather than relying on additional twelve columns for cumulative balances.

Last night I took a different approach and used the array formula {=sum(if((Accounts=account),Bal_2))} where "Bal_2" is a defined name with the sum of Indirect (_Per_1)+indirect(_Per_2).  The formula works like a charm, the only issue is that now I want to make the "Bal_2"  to be referenced to another cell where the user chooses what balance to analyse, and I can't seem to make it work.

Then I thought, if the array formula above works, why wouldn't the sumproduct or the sumifs work. So, I created two additional summary tables right below the array formulas for comparison and it seems two work for Bal_1, but not for the other balances.

Please see the attached file and you will see that I tried to compare the three different formulas using the same approach with the defined names.
test2.xlsx
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Commented:
you made that over complicated with so many confusing named ranges.

here is the solution you need. see attached.
test.xlsx
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Author Commented:
HI ProfessorJimjam.

I saw the spreadsheet with the updated formulas and I see that your solution is adding the current period plus the previous column balance as seen in the "+sum(C2:C2)". However, I was hoping for a more dynamic array as the formula below is dependent upon the previous column, which it may not work if the defined names are shuffled around the columns.

In theory, I was thinking to have a defined name Bal_2 (_Per_1+_Per_2)

Bal_2 = Per_1+Per_2
Bal_3=Per_1+Per_2+Per_3
....etc
I sure hope there is another way where the balances are not relying on a previous column.
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Finance AnalystCommented:
See attached.

On Data tab I have added 12 columns to the right which is the cumulative total to date for each row.

The summary tab then uses a SUMIF formula on account and sums the individual cumulative columns.

If your headers were dates rather than Period headings, you could use a two directional SUMIFS, ie look top to bottom in column A for Account number and look left to right in lets say row 1 for a date and only add up where less than or equal to specified date for column in Summary. I think that would work. Edit: Scrap that bit, just tried and wouldn't work.

Hope this helps.
Rob H
test1.xlsx
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Older than dirtCommented:
This question has been classified as abandoned and is closed as part of the Cleanup Program. See the recommendation for more details.
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