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php fprintf

Posted on 2015-01-29
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Last Modified: 2015-02-12
I am reading an input file and am outputting it in a report format, using the fprintf function .  I have aligned all of the columns under the column headings with the exception of the last column.  

I am having problems aligning the last column. When I enter '%-3s', for example,  the value does not move. How is this done?
See the attachment for the expected output.
output-file.png
Unit04Lab.php
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Question by:cookiejar
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5 Comments
 
LVL 32

Accepted Solution

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Daniel Wilson earned 2000 total points
ID: 40578422
In the PNG file you attached, the final column looks aligned correctly.  Are you meaning you want it right-justified instead?

Example 8 on this page may be helpful.
http://php.net/manual/en/function.sprintf.php

If not, please explain a little more completely where the problem is and I'll try to help.
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Author Comment

by:cookiejar
ID: 40578500
Currently the last two columns look like this:
SALES DIFF               MESSAGE
   -5THIS IS THE MESSAGE TEXT

Would like them to look like this:
SALES DIFF             MESSAGE
     -5                        THIS IS THE MESSAGE TEXT

I would like to have the final column, right-justified.
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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Daniel Wilson
ID: 40578516
OK, how's this?
	fprintf($fout,"\n    %-11s%-12s%3d%25s",$itemID,$itemName,$salesDiff,$message);

Open in new window

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Author Comment

by:cookiejar
ID: 40578818
I am sorry I misunderstood the question about the column being right-justified.  
I want the columns to align under the column header:

   Message

   The message column text
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LVL 32

Expert Comment

by:Daniel Wilson
ID: 40578864
And I misunderstood your answer.  Sorry about that.

I think we need to right-pad the SalesDiff column with spaces. Let's try ...

	
sprintf($strSalesDiff,"%3d",$salesDiff);
fprintf($fout,"\n    %-11s%-12s%20s%s",$itemID,$itemName,$strSalesDiff,$message);

Open in new window


That should create a properly formatted string that can then be properly spaced in the 2nd line.
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