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query to insert or update

Posted on 2015-02-02
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Last Modified: 2015-02-13
I'd like to write a script to insert records from one table to a target table if record doesn't exist or update record in target table if exists.  thanks for your help.
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Question by:shwelopo
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Expert Comment

by:Monika Bharti
ID: 40585573
Hi,

This way you can update existing rows, insert rows that exist only in the source, delete rows that appear only in the target.

In your case, you could do something like:
MERGE tableTo AS T
USING tableFrom AS S
      ON (T.product= S._product)
WHEN NOT MATCHED BY TARGET
     THEN INSERT(product, something) VALUES(S._product, S.something)
WHEN MATCHED 
     THEN UPDATE SET T.Something= S.Something
OUTPUT $action, Inserted.*, Deleted.*;

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This statement will insert or update rows as needed and return the values that were inserted or overwritten with the OUTPUT clause.
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Guy Hengel [angelIII / a3] earned 500 total points
ID: 40585594
SQL Server and Oracle both have a MERGE statement which are doing what you are asking:
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb510625.aspx
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/B28359_01/server.111/b28286/statements_9016.htm
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