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How to bulk replace all attributes for proxyAddresses from Active Directory?

Posted on 2015-02-04
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Last Modified: 2015-02-04
I'm trying to replace all the proxyAddresses entries from a list in Active Directory.

I have a CSV file with;
SamAccountName, Primary Email Address

but i need to remove all previous entries too

Many thanks
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Question by:mitsas
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4 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:Waddah Dahah
ID: 40588454
Hi Mitsas,

the below PowerShell script switches the old primary email domain with the new one, and also updates the Mail attribute (What you see next to E-mail Address in the General tab of the user).  It could use some refining, and the logic could be improved for detecting/setting proxyaddresses, but should give you the start you need.

also please ready the following article;
http://blogs.technet.com/b/heyscriptingguy/archive/2013/07/21/weekend-scripter-create-proxyaddresses-in-active-directory-with-powershell.aspx

$olddomain = "@olddomain.com"
$newdomain = "@newdomain.com"
$makealias = $true
$userou = 'OU=Test,DC=domain,DC=local'
$users = Get-ADUser -Filter * -SearchBase $userou -Properties SamAccountName, EmailAddress, ProxyAddresses
Foreach ($user in $users) {
    $oldemail = "$($user.samaccountname)$($olddomain)"
    $newemail = "$($user.samaccountname)$($newdomain)"
    Write-Host "User: $($user.samaccountname)`n------------------------"d

    #Update Mail Attribute    
    If ($user.EmailAddress -ieq $oldemail) {
        Write-Host "Mail Attribute: Old Value Detected Updating..."
        Write-Host "Old Value: $($user.EmailAddress)"
        $user.EmailAddress = $newemail
        Write-Host "New Value: $($newemail)"
    }
    Elseif ($user.EmailAddress -ieq "$newemail") {
        Write-Host "Mail Attribute: New Value Detected Skipping..."
        Write-Host "Value: $($user.EmailAddress)"
    }
    Else {
        Write-Host "Mail Attribute: Unknown Value Detected NOT Updating..."
        Write-Host "Value: $($user.EmailAddress)"
    }

    #Update ProxyAddresses Attribute
    $blnPrimaryOld = $false
    $blnPrimaryNew = $false
    $blnPrimaryOther = $false
    $blnAliasOld = $false
    $blnAliasNew = $false
    ForEach ($proxy in $user.ProxyAddresses) {
        If ($proxy.StartsWith("SMTP:")) {
            If ($proxy -eq "SMTP:$($oldemail)") {
                $blnPrimaryOld = $true
            }
            Elseif ($proxy -eq "SMTP:$($newemail)") {
                $blnPrimaryNew = $true
            }
            Else {
                $blnPrimaryOther = $true
            }
        }
        ElseIf ($proxy.StartsWith("smtp:")) {
            If ($proxy -eq "smtp:$($oldemail)") {                
                $blnAliasOld = $true
            }
            Elseif ($proxy -eq "smtp:$($newemail)") { 
                $blnAliasNew = $true
            }
        }
    }
    If (($blnPrimaryOld -eq $true) -AND ($blnPrimaryNew -eq $false) -AND ($blnPrimaryOther -eq $false)) {
        Write-Host "Primary Email: Old Value Detected Updating..."
        Write-Host "Removing SMTP:$($oldemail)"
        $user.ProxyAddresses.remove("SMTP:$($oldemail)")
        Write-Host "Adding SMTP:$($newemail)"
        $user.ProxyAddresses.add("SMTP:$($newemail)")
        Write-Host "Make Old Email Alias: $($makealias)"                
        If ($makealias -eq $true) {
            Write-Host "smtp:$($oldemail)"  
            $user.ProxyAddresses.add("smtp:$($oldemail)")
        }
    }
    Elseif (($blnPrimaryNew -eq $true) -AND ($blnPrimaryOld -eq $false) -AND ($blnPrimaryOther -eq $false)) {
        Write-Host "Primary Email: New Value Detected Skipping..."
    }
    Else {
        Write-Host "Primary Email: Unknown Value Detected NOT Updating..."
    }


    #Write Values to User
    Write-Host "Setting Values..."
    $result = Set-ADUser -Instance $user
    Write-Host "`n"
}

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Author Comment

by:mitsas
ID: 40588461
Thanks, the problem we have is hundreds of bad entries we need to remove for numerous domains.

I've found this command works perfectly
Set-ADUser $_.user -clear proxyAddresses
and it works for a single entry.

How can use this to bulk edit all the users?

Thanks
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Accepted Solution

by:
Waddah Dahah earned 500 total points
ID: 40588511
Try the following please.

$UserList=Get-ADUSER -Filter * -SearchScope Subtree -SearchBase "OU=myou,OU=otherou,DC=mydc,DC=local"
foreach ($User in $UserList) {Set-ADUSER $user -clear proxyAddresses $true}

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Author Comment

by:mitsas
ID: 40588560
A small change:
foreach ($User in $UserList) {Set-ADUSER $user -clear proxyAddresses}

and it works perfectly.

Thank you.
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