How to update a column from another column

Posted on 2015-02-04
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2015-02-04
I have two tables that are identical. (See table definitions at the bottom of the post). They both contain the same data, except that in Table_2 the Employee number is null.
 So I need to set the employee number in table 2 to the employee number in table 1, where they match on the EmployeeId column. I tried the below query however it is wrong.

 UPDATE Table_2 SET Table_2.EmployeeNumber = Table_1.EmployeeNumber
ON Table_2.EmployeeId = Table_1.EmployeeId

Can someone help me out please?

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Table_1](
      [EmployeeNumber] [nchar](10) NULL,
      [EmployeeName] [varchar](150) NULL,
      [EmployeeId] [int] NULL

CREATE TABLE [dbo].[Table_2](
      [EmployeeNumber] [nchar](10) NULL,
      [EmployeeName] [varchar](150) NULL,
      [EmployeeId] [int] NULL
Question by:brgdotnet
LVL 66

Accepted Solution

Jim Horn earned 1920 total points
ID: 40590321
Give this a whirl..
SET t2.EmployeeNumber = t1.EmployeeNumber
FROM Table_1 t1
   JOIN Table_2 t2 ON  t1.EmployeeId = t2.EmployeeId

Open in new window


Assisted Solution

shivkasi earned 80 total points
ID: 40590325
That should work!!
UPDATE Table_2
SET       Table_2.EmployeeNumber  =  Table_1.EmployeeNumber
FROM  Table_2 INNER JOIN Table_1   ON  Table_2.EmployeeId = Table_1.EmployeeId
LVL 81

Expert Comment

ID: 40590331
The obvious question, why would you want to have two tables having the exact same set of information? This is as you've wound up increases of loss of data integrity. Presumably, the reason you are trying to fix table_2 is that there are other things that depend on it.

Do you have a unique index dealing with Emplyee name, ID combination? You could do a insert into table_2 (employeenumber,employeename,employeeID)  (select employeenumber,employeename,employeeID from table1) on duplicate update employeenumber=Employeenumber

Your table definitions in both still allow nulls.

Since you are saying the tables are supposed to be identical, export the data from table 1 and table 2 (just in case you overlooked someone) into a csv.

Redefine the table no more nulls. Depending on how you add the data, if you must have two tables with identical information, add constraints/triggers when data is inserted/updated/deleted it will get to the other table,

Load the data from CSV using bcp into table one.

Author Closing Comment

ID: 40590377
Arnold, I am importing excel spreadsheet data into a sql server table, and then updating the second table based upon the first one. That is what is going on here. Jim Horn's  solution is elegant and works perfectly. Thank you Jim Horn !!!!!

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