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Merge Statement -- Need help

Posted on 2015-02-06
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Last Modified: 2015-02-10
Hi ,

I was going thru an example online for merge command. Below is the description of the example shared for Merge Statement.

I need help on the delete (     DELETE WHERE (S.salary > 8000))
 statement used while updating , Iam not able to understand what it does .  Any help is
really appreciated.


Merging into a Table: Example The following example uses the bonuses table in the sample schema oe with a default bonus of 100. It then inserts into the bonuses table all employees who made sales, based on the sales_rep_id column of the oe.orders table. Finally, the human resources manager decides that employees with a salary of $8000 or less should receive a bonus. Those who have not made sales get a bonus of 1% of their salary. Those who already made sales get an increase in their bonus equal to 1% of their salary. The MERGE statement implements these changes in one step:
 CREATE TABLE bonuses (employee_id NUMBER, bonus NUMBER DEFAULT 100);

INSERT INTO bonuses(employee_id)
   (SELECT e.employee_id FROM employees e, orders o
   WHERE e.employee_id = o.sales_rep_id
   GROUP BY e.employee_id);

SELECT * FROM bonuses ORDER BY employee_id;

EMPLOYEE_ID      BONUS
----------- ----------
        153        100
        154        100
        155        100
        156        100
        158        100
        159        100
        160        100
        161        100
        163        100

MERGE INTO bonuses D
   USING (SELECT employee_id, salary, department_id FROM employees
   WHERE department_id = 80) S
   ON (D.employee_id = S.employee_id)
   WHEN MATCHED THEN UPDATE SET D.bonus = D.bonus + S.salary*.01
     DELETE WHERE (S.salary > 8000)
   WHEN NOT MATCHED THEN INSERT (D.employee_id, D.bonus)
     VALUES (S.employee_id, S.salary*.01)
     WHERE (S.salary <= 8000);

SELECT * FROM bonuses ORDER BY employee_id;

EMPLOYEE_ID      BONUS
----------- ----------
        153        180
        154        175
        155        170
        159        180
        160        175
        161        170
        179        620
        173        610
        165        680
        166        640
        164        720
        172        730
        167        620
        171        740
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Question by:sam_2012
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Helena Marková earned 500 total points
ID: 40593392
Here you can find all about merge (registration is free):
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/server.112/e41084/statements_9016.htm#SQLRF01606

Specify the DELETE where_clause to clean up data in a table while populating or updating it. The only rows affected by this clause are those rows in the destination table that are updated by the merge operation. The DELETE WHERE condition evaluates the updated value, not the original value that was evaluated by the UPDATE SET ... WHERE condition. If a row of the destination table meets the DELETE condition but is not included in the join defined by the ON clause, then it is not deleted. Any delete triggers defined on the target table will be activated for each row deletion.

In your example:
DELETE is this - Employees with a salary of $8000 or less should receive a bonus + Those who already made sales get an increase in their bonus equal to 1% of their salary. So if update is performed on row with salary > 8000, it is deleted.

I hope it will help you.
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