# Calculate Date based on 3 factors

Hi Experts

I have a challenge that I have just not been able to resolve.

I have a spreadsheet with 3 fields.  1---Frequency (Dly, Sat, Sun)  2---DOW (Day of the week) 3--Original Date.
What I need to do is to have a formula that would do this:  If DOW is a weekday and the freq is "dly" keep the original date, if DOW is a Sat and freq is a Sat keep original date, if DOW is a Sun and Freq is a Sun keep the original date but if the DOW is a DOW is a weekday but the Freq is a Sat or Sun then give me the Sat or Sun date for that same week.  If DOW is a Sat or Sun but the Freq is DLY then give me the "Friday" of that week.  I have been using a formula that I was hoping to modify to meet these rules but I can't get it to work.  =IF(C2="DLY",IF(G2="Sat",F2-1,IF(G2="Sun",F2,F2)),IF(C2="SAT",F2+WEEKDAY(F2+1)+1,F2-WEEKDAY(F2+1)+2))

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Andy
###### Who is Participating?

Director, Practice Manager and Computing ConsultantCommented:
Here you go:

``````=F2+
IF(G2="Sat",
IF(C2="DLY",-1,IF(C2="Sun",1,0)),
IF(G2="Sun",
IF(C2="DLY",-2,IF(C2="Sun",0,-1)),
IF(C2="Sat",5-WEEKDAY(F2,3),IF(C2="Sun",6-WEEKDAY(F2,3),0))))
``````
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Director, Practice Manager and Computing ConsultantCommented:
So far, we have:

1. If DOW is a weekday and the freq is "dly" keep the original date,
2. if DOW is a Sat and freq is a Sat keep original date,
3. if DOW is a Sun and Freq is a Sun keep the original date
4. but if the DOW is a DOW is a weekday but the Freq is a Sat or Sun then give me the Sat or Sun date for that same week.
5. If DOW is a Sat or Sun but the Freq is DLY then give me the "Friday" of that week.

Break it down by Day:

Weekdays
1. If DOW is a weekday and the freq is "dly" keep the original date,
4. but if the DOW is a DOW is a weekday but the Freq is a Sat or Sun then give me the Sat or Sun date for that same week.
Saturday
2. if DOW is a Sat and freq is a Sat keep original date,
5. If DOW is a Sat or Sun but the Freq is DLY then give me the "Friday" of that week.
Sunday
3. if DOW is a Sun and Freq is a Sun keep the original date
5. If DOW is a Sat or Sun but the Freq is DLY then give me the "Friday" of that week.

What happens if DOW is a Sat but freq is a Sun, or vice versa?

Also, what version of Excel do you use, and does your week start on a Monday?
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EngineerCommented:
Can you upload a sample file with a few different scenarios for testing?
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Finance AnalystCommented:
Have you seen the CEILING/FLOOR functions before, its great for working with dates:

=CEILING(Date,7) will round a date up to the Saturday of that week

=FLOOR(Date,7) will round down to the Saturday of the previous week.

These might point you in the right direction, in the meantime I will take a look but have a question, is your DOW a number or a text value, ie 1 to 7 or Sunday to Saturday?

Thanks
Rob H
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Commented:
I Assumed DOW is nothing but a calculated value basis of the original date, I build the formula using original date only to get the necesary result you are looking for...

Replace orignal date with the cell where you have original date...

=IF(OR(AND(C2="DLY",WEEKDAY(originaldate,2)<6),AND(OR(C2="Sun",C2="Sat"),WEEKDAY(originaldate,2)>=7)),originaldate,IF(AND(C2="DLY",WEEKDAY(originaldate,2)>5),originaldate+7-WEEKDAY(originaldate,2)-1,MAX(0,WEEKDAY(originaldate,3)-4)))

Also if you post your sample workbook it will be easy to view the situations and provide you a solution for the same..

Saurabh..
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Finance AnalystCommented:
Also, rather than nesting your IF statements, look at closing each one and going on to another, ie:

=IF(Criteria1,True,False)+IF(Criteria2,True,False)+IF(Criteria3,True,False)...etc

As you are working with dates, the FALSE in each case would be 0 and as Dates are dealt with as numbers, each scenario would generate a date or zero.

Lets assume Criteria1 gives 0, Criteria 2 gives Date, Criteria3 gives 0; adding them together, 0 + Date + 0, will give the date.

Thanks
Rob H
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Author Commented:
What happens if DOW is a Sat but freq is a Sun, or vice versa?
Answer:  Then the date should be that Sat of the same week.  Same with Sun.

Using Excel 2010

Rob--I haven't used the ceiling/floor functions.  I am very new to creating formulas and using functions.  My ability to incorporate them into a correct formula would truly be hit or miss.
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Author Commented:
Here is a small sample
EXAMPLE0206.xlsx
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Author Commented:
Brilliant!  It does exactly what I need it to do!

Thanks to you Phillip for your time and talent.  Thanks to all the Experts this morning!

A
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Commented:
I see that you have closed this now, but figured I would post this as I have done the work.
Attached is a workbook showing how I approached the solution.
1. Set up a table with the relevant test rows
2. Use individual columns to tackle the challenge one step at a time (columns H to L)
3. Use these columns to determine the final answer (column M)
4. Merge the functions together into a single cell (column N)
5. Double-check that the single cell value matches the one derived from the multiple columns

Ideally you would also have an "Expected" column with hand-entered values to help validate that the value of column M (and therefore N) matches your expectations.

Might seem long-winded but can save a load of debugging and/or frustration that can result from trying to jump straight to the final answer.
3FactorDates.xlsx
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Author Commented:
I do very much appreciate your time and solution.  When I get a solution that works I do try and close it quickly so that others aren't continuing to work on it.  I guess it is a "darned if you do, darned if you don't" situation.

Again, thank you so much for your everything.  I have been using Experts-Exchange since the beginning and the amount of time and effort I have saved is not able to be measured.  I appreciate all of the Experts and the time and knowledge they devote to keeping this site at the top of my hit parade.
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Finance AnalystCommented:
Also, as an example of the CEILING function; it looks like your column B values were manual entries so can suggest a way of making these formula based, in cell B2 and copied down:

=IF(WEEKDAY(E2,1)=1,E2,CEILING(E2,7)+1)

In proper language - if E2 is A Sunday use E2 otherwise round E2 up to the Saturday of that week and then +1 makes the Sunday.

Thanks
Rob H
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