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How do I return a smart pointer from a function call in C++?

Posted on 2015-02-09
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Last Modified: 2015-02-23
Hi:

I have a MS C++ (unmanaged) application and am new to smart pointer usage.
We've decided to go with the smart pointer implementation that is part of C++ 11.
I haven't really used smart pointers very much. I've checked out the wiki definition and
have a basic idea.

I have a question regarding returning smart pointers from a function/method call.

Consider the following example using raw pointers:
FOO * CreateFooObject()
{
   FOO * foo = new FOO();
   return foo;
}

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What would the best approach be for converting this to using smart pointers, to use a shared pointer?
I thought that this would be the appropriate pattern, but I wanted to confirm.
shared_ptr<FOO> CreateFooObject()
{
   shared_ptr<FOO>  foo = make_shared<FOO>();
   return foo;
}

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Thanks,
JohnB
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Question by:jxbma
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Accepted Solution

by:
Michael Fowler earned 2000 total points
ID: 40600069
unique_ptr - Allows exactly one owner of the underlying pointer. Use as the default choice for POCO unless you know for certain that you require a shared_ptr.
shared_ptr  - Reference-counted smart pointer. Use when you want to assign one raw pointer to multiple owners
weak_ptr - Special-case smart pointer for use in conjunction with shared_ptr. A weak_ptr provides access to an object that is owned by one or more shared_ptr instances, but does not participate in reference counting.
https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/vstudio/hh279674(v=vs.110).aspx

Given this the question here is, what will you be doing with the pointer once it is created?
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