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How to extract an IP using "word boundary"

Posted on 2015-02-10
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Last Modified: 2015-02-10
Hi, I have a very simple regex to find IP addresses in this format: 3.123.210.211

\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d

When presented with a string that contains something like 135.231.351.209, it will capture 5.231.351.209, but i don't want it to. I only want it to capture the IP's that come in the form x.xxx.xxx.xxx. I had a look at the "word boundary" option (\b) and it seems like it's what I need, but I'm foggy on the usage of it. Could anyone shed some light please?

Thanks
   Shawn
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Question by:shawn857
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by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 40602186
I could have sworn I'd previously answered a question similar to this, but I can't find it now...  oh well  = )

You can actually match valid IP address ranges with regex. The following will do this:

\b(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|\d?\d)(\.(25[0-5]|2[0-4]\d|1\d\d|\d?\d)){3}\b

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by:käµfm³d 👽
ID: 40602188
P.S.

On second glance, based on what is in your question, you probably just need to add the word boundary token ( \b ):

\b\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d\b

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Author Comment

by:shawn857
ID: 40602208
Thanks Kaufmed... so do I need a "\b" at the start of my regex and another "\b" at the end to do what I want? Doesn't this activate the "word boundary" capabilities at the beginning *and* the end? if I only want to have "word boundary" activated for the beginning, then I would just put a "\b" at the start of my regex? Or do I always have to have a "\b" on the end? I'm still a little confused about its usage.

Thanks
   Shawn
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Accepted Solution

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käµfm³d   👽 earned 500 total points
ID: 40602215
You don't have to have it at the end, but without it there is the possibility that you might match something more than you want. For example, if you had the following blurb:

This is a test of a paragraph that has a bunch of octets, like 1.234.567.890.123, but the octets don't represent an IP address.

Then a regex like "\b\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d.\d\d\d" would match:

1.234.567.890

If you're sure you won't have anything like this in your text, then you don't need the trailing word boundary. It shouldn't hurt having it in there.
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Author Closing Comment

by:shawn857
ID: 40602431
Thanks you Kaufmed, I now have this working perfectly.

Cheers
   Shawn
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