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Office 365 - EXCEL VBA SUMIFS with Variable Date

Posted on 2015-02-12
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Last Modified: 2015-02-12
I can sum spreadsheet values based on the dates entering them manually like this. Dates are in column B and dollar values in column N.
SUMIFS(N4:N144,B4:B144,">=2015-02-09",B4:B144,"<=2015-02-14")

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I have issues trying it like with date variables: week7_start, week7_end. I don't get anything summed doing it this way.
SUMIFS(N4:N144,B4:B144,">="&week7_start,B4:B144,"<="&week7_end)

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I have tried using Clng & CDate but it doesn't seem to matter. What am I missing?
SUMIFS(N4:N144,B4:B144,">="&Clng(week7_start),B4:B144,"<="&Clng(week7_end))

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Here's what the output looks like on my spreadheet.

Week            Start Date      End Date      
Week 7       $(93.31)      8-Feb      14-Feb      Manual dates
                        
                        
Week 7       $-         8-Feb      14-Feb      Variable dates
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Question by:Randy Downs
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Expert Comment

by:Rob Henson
ID: 40606144
How are you defining "week7_start" or "Clng(week7_start)"?

I don't recognise those as standard Excel functions.

Do you have a User Defined Function to generate the dates?

Thanks
Rob H
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Accepted Solution

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Rob Henson earned 500 total points
ID: 40606161
With the sample supplied, and some assumptions:

Week            Start Date      End Date      
Week 7       $(93.31)      8-Feb      14-Feb

Assumptions
1) Week = Col Q
2) Value = Col R
3) Start = Col S
4) End = Col T
5) Start and End dates are true dates formatted to show as "d-mmm".

Try this formula instead:

=SUMIFS(N1:N144,B1:B144,">"&S2,B1:B144,"<="&T2)

Thanks
Rob H
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LVL 33

Assisted Solution

by:Rob Henson
Rob Henson earned 500 total points
ID: 40606189
Just noticed the mention of VBA, are you trying to insert the formula into the spreadsheet using VBA or are you trying to calculate using VBA and then put the value in the cell?

If inserting the formula/value from a formula you will have to use combinations of double quotes and & to split the formula into hard coded text and variables.

ActiveCell.Formula = "=SUMIFS(N4:N144,B4:B144,"&">="&" week7_start & ",B4:B144," & "<=" & week7_end &")"

You might need to tweak with double double quotes to allow for the double quotes around the >= parts.

Alternatively the straight VBA conversion of the formula I suggested earlier is:

ActiveCell.FormulaR1C1 = _
        "=SUMIFS(R[-1]C[-4]:R[142]C[-4],R[-1]C[-16]:R[142]C[-16],"">""&RC[1],R[-1]C[-16]:R[142]C[-16],""<=""&RC[2])"
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LVL 29

Author Comment

by:Randy Downs
ID: 40606318
I am defining variables on a separate worksheet and giving them names to make them easily recognizable in my formulas. The variables week7_start week7_end are formatted as dates like:  8-Feb      14-Feb. Perhaps the issue is not displaying the year.

The idea is to update my variables once a quarter and then all my formulas will follow suit. There will be 14 weeks when I am done.

 It's really not VBA at this point. Sorry I misled you.
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LVL 29

Author Comment

by:Randy Downs
ID: 40606325
I notice that when I format the dates as month/day/year rather than just day/month I end up with 2014 rather than the expected 2015. I have re-used an old spreadsheet so maybe that's the issue.
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LVL 29

Author Comment

by:Randy Downs
ID: 40606336
Now the formulas work. They were apparently trying to compare last year's date. Thanks for your suggestions to get me started in the right direction.

SUMIFS(N4:N144,B4:B144,">="&Clng(week7_start),B4:B144,"<="&Clng(week7_end))

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