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ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE with AUTO INCREMENT pk

Posted on 2015-02-14
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Last Modified: 2015-02-16
I've found, in my code, I use ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE but the primary key is autoincrement, so surely it would always insert a new record and never need the UPDATE part?

$sql = sprintf("INSERT INTO fixtures_results (id, fr_match_date, fr_season_lit, fr_season_start, fr_team_code, fr_compdiv,
                   fr_othercomp, fr_opposition, fr_otheroppo, fr_home_away, fr_venue, fr_alt_venue, fr_mapref,
                   fr_kickoff, fr_wld, fr_fobg_score, fr_oppo_score, fr_fobg_scorers, fr_oppo_scorers, fr_referee, fr_assistants,
                   fr_double_banker, fr_postponed_flag, fr_postponed_reason)
                   VALUES ('','%s','%s',%d,'%s','%s','%s',
                   '%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s','%s',
                   '%s','%s','%s',%d,%d,'%s'),
                    ON DUPLICATE KEY UPDATE fr_match_date = '%s', fr_season_lit = '%s',
                    fr_season_start = %d, fr_team_code = '%s',
                    fr_compdiv = '%s', fr_othercomp = '%s', fr_opposition = '%s',
                    fr_otheroppo = '%s', fr_home_away = '%s', fr_venue = '%s',
                    fr_alt_venue = '%s', fr_mapref = '%s', fr_kickoff = '%s',
                    fr_wld = '%s', fr_fobg_score = '%s', fr_oppo_score = '%s',
                    fr_fobg_scorers = '%s', fr_oppo_scorers = '%s',
                    fr_referee = '%s', fr_assistants = '%s',
                    fr_double_banker = %d, fr_postponed_flag = %d,
                    fr_postponed_reason = '%s'",$matchdate, $seasonlit, $seasonstart, $side, $comp, $otherComp, $oppo, $otherOppo, $homeaway, $fn_address,
                                             $othervenue, $mapref, $ko, $wld, $fobgscore, $opposcore, $fobgscorers, $opposcorers, $referee, $assistants,
                                                         $double_banker, $postponed_flag, $postponed_reason);
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Question by:colinspurs
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arnold earned 500 total points
ID: 40610474
the ID columns is often not used in an insert thus is not the reason a duplicate key is triggered, a unique index of a single column or a combination of columns will be the trigger for the duplicate event.

In your case though, I am not sure why you are including the ID in the insert directive?
What or how do you maintain the ID within your application?
Your insert into should exclude the id column as it is as you say autoincrement, if the record is validated and the columns are inserted, the ID column will be autoincremented and any other column that is not included in the insert directive but has a default value or null will be set to the default value or null if allowed.
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Expert Comment

by:mlmcc
ID: 40610566
Does the table have any other idexes on it?

mlmcc
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Author Comment

by:colinspurs
ID: 40611905
Hi, thanks for your responses.  I haven't looked at this code for a long time and had forgotten that the duplicate trigger can apply to any unique index, and there is indeed a separate unique index.  And yes, I will remove the ID from the insert.
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Author Closing Comment

by:colinspurs
ID: 40611906
Thanks very much.
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