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utf 8 encoding problem in Java  in Transformer class

Posted on 2015-02-18
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Last Modified: 2015-03-13
I'm getting some UTF-8 xml which I am processing (Removing some nodes) and then writing out again to another xml file
However some of the UTF-8 characters (French letters) are screwed up

Is there a way around it ?

I don't need to use Transformer class

	File origFile = new File(dataFile.getCanonicalFile() + ".orig");
                File origFilex = new File(dataFile.getCanonicalFile() + ".orig1x");  
                
            
		dataFile.renameTo(origFile);
                
                DocumentBuilder dBuilder = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance().newDocumentBuilder();
                Document doc = dBuilder.parse(origFile);
                              
                modifyxml(doc,"Contributor");
                modifyxml(doc,"Author");
                
                TransformerFactory transformerFactory = TransformerFactory.newInstance();
                Transformer transformer = transformerFactory.newTransformer();
                transformer.setOutputProperty(OutputKeys.ENCODING, "UTF-8");
                DOMSource source = new DOMSource(doc);
                StreamResult result = new StreamResult(origFilex.getPath());
                transformer.transform(source, result);

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Question by:sniger
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9 Comments
 
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Accepted Solution

by:
zzynx earned 500 total points
ID: 40618394
Does this help?

        FileInputStream in = new FileInputStream(origFile);
        Document doc = dBuilder.parse(in, "UTF-8");

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So in fact, replacing
 Document doc = dBuilder.parse(origFile);

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by
Document doc = dBuilder.parse(new FileInputStream(origFile), "UTF-8");

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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 40618579
Use an InputSource instead

Document doc = dBuilder.parse(new InputSource(new InputStreamReader(in, "UTF-8")));

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To serialize the result:

http://technojeeves.com/index.php/aliasjava1/96-serialize-xml-to-file-in-java
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Author Comment

by:sniger
ID: 40618858
unfortunately it did not
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 40618880
If my code doesn't (obviously you'll need to ensure that you write UTF-8 too if that's appropriate) then please attach an input file that is problematic
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Author Comment

by:sniger
ID: 40618888
  <FullName LanguageAndScriptCode="en">Carlos  Fauré</FullName> 

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It gets converted to:

</ResourceContributor>
                <ResourceContributor SequenceNumber="2">
                    <PartyName LanguageAndScriptCode="en">
                        <FullName LanguageAndScriptCode="en"> Carlos  Fauré</FullName>
                    </PartyName>
                    <PartyId>8293</PartyId>
                    <ResourceContributorRole Namespace="PA-DP-2007032-I" UserDefinedValue="Composer">UserDefined</ResourceContributorRole>
                </ResourceContributor>

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LVL 37

Expert Comment

by:zzynx
ID: 40618929
Maybe you should post your complete code (or a simplified version) so that we can run it.
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LVL 86

Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 40619007
then please attach an input file
Quoting from one won't help. Of course, my code will only fix the problem if your input actually is encoded as UTF-8. Otherwise the actual encoding should be specified instead.
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Expert Comment

by:zzynx
ID: 40662789
Thanx 4 axxepting.
However, some explanation about why you do close the question as you do is always welcome.
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Expert Comment

by:CEHJ
ID: 40662861
I too would welcome an explanation, especially since i'm almost certain the accepted comment would not have helped ;)
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