Pretty permalinks on wordpress

I want to name pages on  wordpress with some meaningfull names.
For example, this page link
http://www.domain.com/?p=11
desired to be
http://www.domain.com/main

How it's stored in the internal, its own problem. The key point is fast navigation for user by address line.
This thing is absolutely important, however, WordPress kinda lives in parallel universe.
How to solve the problem?

Wordpress 4.1.1
Fedora 20
Apache/2.4.10
Nusrat NuriyevAsked:
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Lucas BishopConnect With a Mentor Click TrackerCommented:
Nusrat, when you edit the permalink layout in the WP admin area, if the .htaccess file is not writable, then you'll see a message at the bottom with the rewrite structure that needs to go in the htaccess file. You'll have two options:

1.) Make htaccess writable 666. Update the permalink structure in WPadmin. Change htaccess permissions back to 644 (for security)

2.) Copy the rewrite rule specified in the WP Admin into the htaccess file manually, without changing any permissions
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axessJoshConnect With a Mentor Commented:
Did you go to settings >> permalinks?

From there you choose postname or type custom %postname%

Is that what you're wanting?
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
that does not work.

it gives "404 file not found" when i chose postname permalink. Only defauly ones work.

Why?
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
ok, kinda solved the problem by adding changing custom to
/index.php/%postname%

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Why I need to add that index.php?
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axessJoshCommented:
what domain URI do you have setup in Settings >> General
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
Web-site url: http://i-olimp.com

The problem that I have eliminated usage of index.php prefix before custom permalink on other site, but not this one.
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
second time, the problem was in path of Directory tag of httpd.conf
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Lucas BishopConnect With a Mentor Click TrackerCommented:
Did you figure this out? You'll want to enable permalinks as axessJosh mentioned.

 If you receive a 404 error, then there are a few things to look at:

1.) Is your .htaccess file writable (666 permission)
2.) If your .htaccess is writable, does it allow symlinks at the top? It should:
Options +FollowSymlinks

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3.) If .htaccess is writable, and has followsymlinks enabled, then you'll want to make sure that apache vhosts allows .htaccess to override the server settings:

<Directory "/path/to/website">
  Options FollowSymLinks
  AllowOverride All
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
</Directory>

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Alicia St RoseOwner & Principle Developer/DesignerCommented:
Sometimes just hitting save again on the Edit Permalinks page in the admin does the trick. It refreshes everything.
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axessJoshCommented:
I agree with laughhearty,

Sometimes WP just gets finicky and you have to do the exact same thing twice.
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
Lucas, in your scenario we don't need to modify .htaccess?

# BEGIN WordPress
<IfModule mod_rewrite.c>
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
RewriteRule . /index.php [L]
</IfModule>

# END WordPress
~                   

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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
Lucas,
1.) Is your .htaccess file writable (666 permission)
Isn't that dangesours to make writable for other users?

axessJosh
laughhearty
That was not an issue.
The issue was on apache configuration file.
Everytime(for every web-site) I have to mention "index.php".
I don't know how to make it by default for all web-sites.
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Nusrat NuriyevAuthor Commented:
okay.
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