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Validate TEdit to allow only valid file name characters?

Posted on 2015-02-19
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Last Modified: 2015-05-30
Hi! In a Delphi XE7 VCL application, at runtime I need to validate the text input inside a TEdit to allow only valid file name characters. In Delphi XE7 there is the System.IOUtils.TPath.HasValidFileNameChars function. How can this be applied in real-time in a TEdit component?

Unfortunately, the TEdit component has no OnValidating event. I don't want to use the OnChange event, because it looks ugly when the character appears for a short time. The validation must occur BEFORE the character appears.
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Question by:PeterDelphin
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6 Comments
 
LVL 24

Expert Comment

by:jimyX
ID: 40620411
You can make use of one of the KeyDown/KeyUp/KeyPress events which enables you to check the pressed key before it is printed to the component.

procedure TForm1.Edit1KeyPress(Sender: TObject; var Key: Char);
begin
  if Key in ['a'..'z', 'A'..'Z','\', ..etc]  // List all the allowed Char ranges
  if not TPath.HasValidFileNameChars(Edit1.Text+Key, ...) // Or check the key if is not valid just reset the key
    Key:= #0;
end;
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Author Comment

by:PeterDelphin
ID: 40623965
This is not reliable, as one can paste still PASTE chars which are not allowed as filename.
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LVL 24

Accepted Solution

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jimyX earned 1000 total points
ID: 40624087
In this case you have to use OnChange event, but with a unique technique, I will show you how to avoid the invalid-chars appearance.

procedure TForm1.Edit1Change(Sender: TObject);
begin
  if not HasValidFileNameChars(TEdit(Sender).Text,..) then
    begin
      TEdit(Sender).Undo; //Clear last entry it was not valid char
      Exit;
    end;

  TEdit(Sender).ClearUndo; //reset the Undo, when you have a valid entry
end;

Open in new window


Mahdi78 has wrote a wonderful article about utilizing Undo & ClearUndo. It worth reading it.
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LVL 38

Assisted Solution

by:Geert Gruwez
Geert Gruwez earned 1000 total points
ID: 40660415
use a maskedit to allow only the characters you want
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