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Powershell update value with concatenated objects

Posted on 2015-02-24
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Last Modified: 2015-03-04
I am trying to update the UPN for a list of users in O365.  I have connected via Powershell and am able to update individual entries however my Powershell is not strong enough to do them all in one shot.

Get-MsolUser | where-object {$_.UserPrincipalName -eq ($_.firstname) +
"." + ($_.lastname) + "@domain.com"} | Set-MsolUserPrincipalName -NewUserPrincipalName ($_.firstname.substring(0,1)) + ($
_.lastname) + "@domain.com"

you cannot call a method on a null-valued expression.
At line:1 char:1
+ Get-MsolUser | where-object {$_.UserPri ...
+ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
    + CategoryInfo          : InvalidOperation: (:) [], RuntimeException
    + FullyQualifiedErrorId : InvokeMethodOnNull

basically trying to set the UPN to first initial + lastname instead of the firstname.lastname.  I have fixed dirsync to create the UPN this way however need to fix all the users which are set the wrong way.  Any help with the code would be appreciated.
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Question by:YMartin
6 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40629004
Something like this should work but not tested.

Get-MsolUser | where-object {$_.UserPrincipalName -eq ($_.firstname) | %  {
$nuname = ($_.firstname.substring(0,1)) + ($_.lastname) + "@domain.com"
Set-MsolUserPrincipalName -NewUserPrincipalName $nuname 
}

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Author Comment

by:YMartin
ID: 40629060
The problem is that the set-msoluserprincipalname also requires the old userprincipalname.  Both would need to be stored in the variable and be called individually.  Tried to accomplish this but it did not work for me.  It would have piped it for my command but with your version it would need to be saved to the variable.
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LVL 40

Expert Comment

by:Vasil Michev (MVP)
ID: 40629206
You already have the UserPrincipalName going through the pipeline, $_.UserPrincipalName. The brackets are messed up though.
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Accepted Solution

by:
footech earned 500 total points
ID: 40629581
I prefer subexpressions to concatentation so I've done that below.  The only issue with becraig's was that it needed to specify the -UserPrincipalName parameter for Set-MsolUserPrincipalName.  You could use the intermediate variable, but I've just specified the value directly.
Get-MsolUser | where-object {$_.UserPrincipalName -eq "$($_.firstname).$($_.lastname)@domain.com"} | % {
    Set-MsolUserPrincipalName -UserPrincipalName $_.UserPrincipalName -NewUserPrincipalName "$($_.firstname.substring(0,1))$($_.lastname)@domain.com"
}

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Expert Comment

by:becraig
ID: 40629602
yup I did forget to add the piece footech thanks .
Get-MsolUser | where-object {$_.UserPrincipalName -eq ($_.firstname) | %  {
$nuname = ($_.firstname.substring(0,1)) + ($_.lastname) + "@domain.com"
Set-MsolUserPrincipalName  -Userprinicpalname $_.UserPrincipalName -NewUserPrincipalName  $nuname 
}
                                          

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Author Closing Comment

by:YMartin
ID: 40645729
Thanks footech.  That worked.  Sorry I was not able to get the code from becraig to work but I appreciate the help.
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