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command ls -la in git

Mike Eghtebas
Mike Eghtebas asked
I am following a tutorial video on git fundamentals. I am working in Windows 7 powershell (version 1.9.5.msysgit.0).

After executing >git init ,apparently it creates a .git directory which contains the repository and all its meta data.

The video displays the meta data by executing >ls -la as you can see on the image below.

I am expecting the same but I am getting the message also on the image below.

Question: How can I see the similar information as this demo video?

Also, the video display <master> at the command line area which I do not see on mine. FYI, I have started PS as admin.
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Phil PhillipsSenior Platform Engineer
Looks like the video tutorial you are following is specifically for Linux/Unix machines.  You can use the "dir" command to do something similar in Windows.

The "<master>" part is something they've added to their prompt (again, specifically for Linux/Unix machines, but similar to this).
Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application Developer


But DIR you mention above doesn't give you meta data info it only gives you files and folder names.
Top Expert 2014
Not sure what you're looking for.  You can't expect different utilities on different operating systems to give you exactly the same output.  You can try using the -force parameter with dir (which is an alias for Get-ChildItem in PowerShell).  The default output from dir doesn't show you all the properties, which is typical for most objects output by cmdlets.  Try running
gci | Select *
to see what I mean.

If you really want a Linux type command environment on Windows, install Cygwin.
Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application Developer


gci | Select * <-- this was very helpful.

At PSPath, : Microsoft.PowerShe...als\Readme.txt <-- this file doesn't exist yet but it has been added to git using:

>git add Readme.txt

So, I think (just guessing) after this file is physically made (or edited) will have some attributes to respond (possibly) to command like >ls -la.

PS C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals> gci | Select *

PSPath            : Microsoft.PowerShell.Core\FileSystem::C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals\Readme.txt
PSParentPath      : Microsoft.PowerShell.Core\FileSystem::C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals
PSChildName       : Readme.txt
PSDrive           : C
PSProvider        : Microsoft.PowerShell.Core\FileSystem
PSIsContainer     : False
VersionInfo       : File:             C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals\Readme.txt
                    Debug:            False
                    Patched:          False
                    PreRelease:       False
                    PrivateBuild:     False
                    SpecialBuild:     False
BaseName          : Readme
Mode              : -a---
Name              : Readme.txt
Length            : 26
DirectoryName     : C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals
Directory         : C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals
IsReadOnly        : False
Exists            : True
FullName          : C:\users\mike\gitcode\gitfundamentals\Readme.txt
Extension         : .txt
CreationTime      : 2/25/2015 9:06:38 AM
CreationTimeUtc   : 2/25/2015 5:06:38 PM
LastAccessTime    : 2/25/2015 9:06:38 AM
LastAccessTimeUtc : 2/25/2015 5:06:38 PM
LastWriteTime     : 2/25/2015 9:06:38 AM
LastWriteTimeUtc  : 2/25/2015 5:06:38 PM
Attributes        : Archive

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My bad:
After executing the following line, readme.txt had been genereted:
> echo "Hello, git">readme.txt
Top Expert 2014

ls -la just displays a list of file and folders/directories.  -a means it includes items that start with a dot (.) like ".bashrc".  The -l is a long listing format which displays info about the item like permissions, owner, group, size, and last changed time.
Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application Developer