Mix Device and User CALs in Windows Server 2012 R2

A client has two sections in their company, one where User CALS make sense but a section with 5 machines and many more users doing separate shifts on those machines.  In Windows Server 2012 R2 can you have some User CALS for the first group, and then 5 device CALS for the other section, or do they have to choose the best up front?  I primarily use Essentials where you don't have to worry about CALS at all.

Also, if in don't is there a more common choice, i.e. 95% of the time it's User...

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Cliff GaliherCommented:
There is no internal tracking of CALs. It is the business entity's responsibility to track and manage that. Which is, in no way, a reason to break the law. CALs can be purchased on-demand, so having unlicensed users is never justified and would be highly illegal even if nanotechnology prevented it.
Cliff GaliherCommented:
As always, no advice here is legally binding and is just opinion.

Yes, you can mix user and device CAL purchases as desired to best fir the needs of the environment. Just thorough document your users and devices, with their licenses should an audit come up.
WilMaTechAuthor Commented:
Thanks.  Do you know if this is managed by ourselves with a spreadsheet and the trust system, or is there a built in license mechanism that will block access if a user or Device doesn't have a CAL?  I'm concerned if we're maxed, and then we have to add some new employees, would they be blocked until CALs are purchased and installed...
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