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Agile, Scrim and cross-functional

I have always used the term cross-functional team to imply an ad-hoc team composed of members from differing formal departments.

However, as I am reading the Scrum guide, it often seems to impy something else.  While a team of 3 to 9 members is recommended, sometimes it appears that the Scrum Guide is saying that a cross-functional team is more a a team whose members have differing skills.  

Which definition is Scrum getting at (the first, the second, or both)?

Anthony Lucia
Anthony Lucia
1 Solution
Cross-functional in SCRUM means that team members take roles that do not primarily belong to their positions in that team. For example a tester that helps coding, or a business analyst that is creating test cases. In my opinion every team should have this capabilities, but one should never plan for this or use it as a strategy. Like a goal keeper at soccer never trains for taking penalties, but so convenient if he is capable of it.

From what I understand from how you use the term cross-functional for teams with different areas of functional expertise I would rather say that is not 'cross'-functional, but more 'multi'-functional. Why? Because I rather avoid members in such teams to actually cross their functional domain borders - that would be fuel for trouble :)
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