SQL - Comparing a recent record with another, but a least 100 days ago

Inside of a reporting program, I am querying a database that could contain a current and 0 to 6 historical records each with a date/timestamp.   No problem in getting the current record, now I want the most recent historical record as long as it is at least 100 days older than the current record.    A record would contain, user id,  sequential record number, timestamp, name, weight.  Can I do that with a query or am I going to need to collect all the historical records and test them inside my code?  If I can do that with a query, what would that look like?
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Shaun KlineLead Software EngineerCommented:
You could use a query similar to this:

select top 1 *
from table
where date < dateadd(day, -100, dateofconcern)
order by date desc

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Where table and date are your respective table and date field, and dateofconcern is the date from your current record.
Julian HansenCommented:
When you say you want the most recent historical record - do you mean for a given user or do you want a list of the most historical records for all users?

For a single user this might work
SELECT * FROM `yourtable` a 
    SELECT MAX(`logdate`) AS `current`, `user_id` FROM `yourtable` GROUP BY `user_id`
) b ON a.user_id = b.user_id
WHERE a.`logdate` < b.`current` AND DATEDIFF(`current`, a.`logdate`) < 100 
ORDER BY DATEDIFF(`current`, a.`logdate`) desc

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If you want a result set containing all user records in one go that will require some thought.
This will potentially return more than two records per user_id

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greglwhiteAuthor Commented:
for a given user, if John Doe has a record for today, I want the most recent record of his that is at least 100 days old.  

Will your response work on most SQL or is it specific to one flavor?   I have to support MS SQL, Postrgress and mySQL.
Julian HansenCommented:
No - the limit function is not supported on MS SQL - you would need to use TOP for that
Use your DB layer find_first (if there is one) to return the first record in the data set.
greglwhiteAuthor Commented:
this got it done!
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MySQL Server

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