In my VB .Net winforms application, how can I maintain a connection to my database?

I have a VB .NET Windows form application(Not a web application). When I press a button on the form, it will connect to the database and load data into a GridView control. That works great, but several other forms also need a database connection. So here is my question. Is there a way to make my database connection more persistent so that it can be accessed anywhere in the application? If so, how would I do it?

Thanks in advance.
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brgdotnetcontractorAsked:
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Fernando SotoRetiredCommented:
Hi brgdotnet;

One way is to make a module that is global like this

Module GlobalModule
    Public connectionString As String
End Module

Then you can access it from anywhere in your application like this.

'' Assign aa value to the connectionString variable
GlobalModule.connectionString = "Data Source= ...."

'' Or when you need to read it you use this
Dim conStr As String = GlobalModule.connectionString

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brgdotnetcontractorAuthor Commented:
Thank you Fernando? Is this like a static class where I just reference the values via the class name?
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ArkCommented:
Why not use settings? Double click on My Project, choose "Settings" and add your connection string
Call it
Dim conn = New SqlConnection(My.Settings.MyConnectionString)
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Jacques Bourgeois (James Burger)PresidentCommented:
In .NET, it is not recommended to keep a Connection opened. All ADO.NET has been built around the fact that you work in a disconnected fashion, same as web developers do, even in a desktop application. One of the only situations where a connection might stay open for a little while is when you use a DataReader.

Most other objects such as the DataAdapter and DataTable work with the idea that you connect, load the data, then disconnect. You work with the data in memory (in the DataTable, in a grid, in a collection). When ready, you reconnect, save the changes and disconnect.

Tools that hide what is happening, such as LINQ and Data Entities also work that way.

Connections are managed by a mechanism called Connection Pooling (look to the left side of the page if you are not with SQL Server). Look at the Caution in the Adding Connections section of the page: We strongly recommend that you always close the connection when you are finished using it.

With today's tool, this means open the connection (unless you use an object such as the DataAdapter that does it for you), grab your data (in a DataTable or other container) and Close the connection.

In the background, the system leaves the real connection opened for a while on the server, even if you called Close on your object (the object is not the Connection, it's only a way to control it). If you reopen another Connection somewhere else in the application, with the exact same ConnectionString (saved in a constant or the application Settings so that it is always exactly the same), the system reuses the same connection. If however you do not use the connection for a while, it is closed and will be recreated the next time you open any Connection object with the same ConnectionString.

Although this seems to run against what was done in the past with databases, it makes more sense with today's applications, Windows or otherwise, that always work with a copy of the data in memory instead of working directly on the database.
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ArkCommented:
Is this like a static class where I just reference the values via the class name
Module GlobalModule
    Public connectionString As String
End Module

Open in new window

equals
NotInheritable Class GlobalModule
    Public Shared connectionString As String
End Module
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