Override ToString()

Somewhere - forgot where - I read a note that if you override ToString, you should always include the default "g" formatter.
Is this true? And if so, would this be a correct implementation:
        public override string ToString()
        {
            return ToString(null, null);
        }

        public string ToString(string format)
        {
            return ToString(format, null);
        }

        public string ToString(IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            return ToString(null, provider);
        }

        public string ToString(string format, IFormatProvider provider)
        {
            // Default format, which always is "g".
            string defaultFormat = "g";
            // Our custom default format.  // example
            string customFormat = "{0}-NX{1:00}";
            string toString = String.Empty;

            if (format == null) format = defaultFormat;
            if (format == defaultFormat) format = customFormat;
            if (provider == null) provider = _cultureInfo;
            toString = string.Format(provider, format, _field1, _field2);

            return toString;
        }

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Also, what is the common name or label of this "g"? A formatter? Default format? Or?

/gustav
LVL 54
Gustav BrockCIOAsked:
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käµfm³d 👽Commented:
When you say "override ToString," are you strictly talking about when you do so with a IFormatProvider, or are you talking about any time you override ToString?
0
Fernando SotoRetiredCommented:
Hi : Gustav;

I do not remember ever reading something like that. Please have a read of the following two links.

Object.ToString Method

How to: Override the ToString Method (C# Programming Guide)
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Gustav BrockCIOAuthor Commented:
I'm thinking of a class from which you normally would return a set of values and you have a default way to present these, say cars, with brand and model:

    Brand: Ford
    Model: Taurus

    Brand: Fiat
    Model: Punto

Neither Brand, nor Model makes sense on its own if you wish to use ToString to identify an object. Thus, to have the simplest possible way to do this, I would override ToString() to return:

    string.Format("{0} {1}", brand, model);

with resulting string like:

    Ford Taurus
    Fiat Punto

As I understand it, ToString("g") should return the exact same string, while a custom format could be ToString("Your new car is a {0} model {1}.")

I have no idea from where this "g" originates, but I can see it is accepted. For example:

    double d = 123.56;
    Console.WriteLine(d.ToString("g"));

returns the localized format: 123,56

In my code example, IFormatProvider is accepted though ignored but, of course, it could be implemented if necessary.

Thanks Fernando, I was not aware of the new options for Windows 8.1. However, my question does not relate to Win8.1 specifically - I'm looking for a general view.

/gustav
0
käµfm³d 👽Commented:
According to this article:


...your assumptions are correct. The article suggests that your overridden ToString() (no params) should internally call the ToString version that takes the specifier, specifying "g" as the format. The "g" format should return whatever you would expect the "default" view of the string to be.
0

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Gustav BrockCIOAuthor Commented:
Ah, there it was. I just browsed the article and will give it a closer look later as it seems to cover it all.
Thanks!

Have a nice weekend both of you.
Gustav
0
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