steps for configuring a Standalone DNS Server

Steps for configuring a stand alone DNS server and joining it to a Domain
Ashar KallumpurathuAsked:
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DrAtomicCommented:
1. You need a static address. This is extremely important.
Choose an IP that's not being used on your network for your server. I will use 192.168.10.10 as an example in these steps.
2. Configure 192.168.10.10 in your NIC as a static IP address, along with the subnet mask (such as  255.255.255.0), and gateway address (such as 192.168.10.1).
3. In the DNS settings in the NIC, only configure itself as the only DNS server. THis is EXTREMELY important.
If there are other dns servers like your ISP's, the router as a DNS address, or whatever else is in there, they all must be removed. You must ONLY use itself. For example, if your server is 192.168.1.10, then put that in for DNS. Leave the bottom DNS entry blank.
4. Install the DNS role on the server. See https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9LWdAtt97Ug
5. Optionally, configure a Forwarder (DNS console, servername properties, Forwarders tab). You can use your ISP's, or other well known public DNS servers such as the Google ones with IP 8.8.8.8 and 8.8.4.4. Don't use the router as a DNS address. The router is not a DNS server. Forwarders offload external internet name resolution.
6. Join the domain

[optional]
7. Create the zone you want to use, if any, such as domain.com. If you just want a local server for name resolution you are done. If for a website, create a www record, with the IP of the website. If you want to access the website without www, create a blank hostname (leave the name field blank), and give it the same IP.
8. Register the nameserver as an authorative nameserver with the applicable registries.
9. Point the nameservers of the domain to dns server, this is done with the registrar/registry.

10. Have the clients point to the dns server if such is what you wanted.

*. THIS SOLUTION IS FAR FROM COMPLETE AND VERY GENERIC DUE TO THE NATURE OF THE QUESTION.

Ps. this doesn't mean you can uninstall the DNS server role on the AD servers; they need local DNS for resilience.

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Windows Server 2008

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