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dpmoney
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SQL Where clause to ensure 2 columns are not NULL at same time

On the surface, this should be a simple query but I'm not getting the results I expect.
We have 3 columns I'm interested in from a larger table - let's call them Style, City1, and City2
An example data set may look like this:

Style    City1               City2
1          NULL         NULL
2          Boston          NULL
3          NULL          Chicago
4          NULL          NULL
5          New York          Dallas
2          Boston        NULL
2          Boston        Null

I need to write a query that:

Only returns rows where Style is not Null
*SKIPS the Row if BOTH City1 and City2 are Null

That second condition is messing me up.  I wrote the following but get no results:

      SELECT      Style
                  , UPPER(City1) as [City1]
                  , UPPER(City2) as [City2]
                                          
      FROM      ExampleTable

      WHERE      CityType in (1,2,3)
                  AND ((City1 is not null) and (City2 is not null))
                                    
      GROUP BY Style, City1, City2
      ORDER BY Style, City1, City2

This queries a subset of a larger table so there can be many rows where Style, City1 and City2 are the same.  Hence the Group By to reduce it down to distinct values.

CityType is another column in table, but I'm not showing it in the results.  

Here are the results I was expecting to get:

Style    City1             City2
2          Boston          NULL
3          NULL          Chicago
5          New York          Dallas

Instead, I get zero results.  Any thoughts?  Thanks!
Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosoft SQL Server 2005SQL

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Jim Horn

8/22/2022 - Mon
ASKER CERTIFIED SOLUTION
Jim Horn

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Jim Horn

Copy-paste the below code into your SSMS, execute to verify it meets your requirements, and modify to suit your names
CREATE TABLE #tmp (Style varchar(10), City1 varchar(10), City2 varchar(10)) 

INSERT INTO #tmp (Style, City1, City2) 
VALUES 
(1, NULL, NULL), 
(2, 'Boston', NULL), 
(3, NULL, 'Chicago'), 
(4, NULL, NULL), 
(5, 'New York', 'Dallas'), 
(2, 'Boston', NULL), 
(2, 'Boston', Null)

SELECT Style, City1, City2
FROM #tmp
WHERE Style IS NOT NULL AND NOT (City1 IS NULL AND City2 IS NULL)
GROUP BY Style, City1, City2
ORDER BY Style 

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dpmoney

ASKER
Thanks, that is what I was looking to accomplish.  Wasn't sure on the syntax!
Jim Horn

Prolly a couple of different ways to pull that off, but that was the first to come to mind.
Thanks for the grade, good luck with your project.  -Jim
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