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Failover Clustering - Production Server + New Server

Scenario:  I have a newly deployed Server 2012 R2 Standard Server running Hyper-V.  The VM is a 2012 R2 Standard Primary Domain Controller and File Server.  I will be adding a second Hyper-V Host Server with an identical configuration and will be a backup Server.

My Question:  Seeing as the first Server is already in production, is it possible to configure a Failover Cluster?   Would I be better off configuring it as a Backup Domain Controller?  I would be much happier with a Failover Cluster.

I've never configured a Cluster and will be winging it.  I plan to have a backup of both of the Hyper-V Host Servers prior to getting started.  Any advise is welcome.  A rundown of the process would be appreciated, as well.  

Thanks in advance!

- Josh
Windows Server 2012Hyper-VVirtualizationActive Directory

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8/22/2022 - Mon
Cliff Galiher

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Great answer.  You've cleared up a lot of questions.  And yes, the research had just begun.   I thought I'd reach out to someone with experience to start and I'm glad I did.  

Looks like I'll be setting up a BDC.  Do you have any suggestions on how to sync the data drives in case of PDC failure?
Cliff Galiher

DCs are multi-master and keep themselves in sync. PDC/BDC terminology and functionality went away with NT4.

If you are talking about keeping multiple copies of a file server data though, no. That has nothing to do with DC functionality and thus there is no shortcut for a file server cluster in that regard.

Thanks for another quick response.   I do understand the functionality of DCs.  I was only speaking of the data itself, to see if you had any suggestions to keep the two directories in sync.  You've already been a great help and have solved my initial question.

Thank you.
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