who built the pyramids of Egypt?

Hello and Good Morning Everyone

              I am sorry if I am putting this question into the wrong category, but, I could not find an area for history or ancient history.  At any rate, I have a question regarding who should get credit for the construction of the pyramids of Egypt.  I have heard theories ranging from slaves, to skilled and paid craftsmen, to even ancient aliens from space.  Of all of the theories, I lean toward believing they were constructed by slaves and skilled and paid craftsmen.  

              If someone could share their insights into this intriguing question, I will certainly welcome all feedback.  It will certainly be enlightening to use this post as a starting point for an intellectual discussion.

             Thank you

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Joseph DalyCommented:
I would say the majority of the work was completed by slaves, thousands and thousands of slaved. Probably with oversight from skilled tradesmen acting as foremen.

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The construction of the Pyramids would have to be very similar to any large modern civil engineering project.  Very much like building a dam, tunnel, or skyscraper.

You would need an enormous management structure:  architects, engineers, financial people, site managers, craft labor (stone cutters, rope makers, ...), manual laborers, transportation, animal handlers,
security, support (cooks, cobblers, medics).

Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
I read that it couldn't have been slave labour. You couldn't beat someone hard enough to create that amount of work without killing them too quickly for them to be any use.
A willing mass of engineers, stone masons and other craftsmen along with many others to provide the brute force would have been used. Along with a massive supply chain of provisions of food and tools. Possibly the workforce of the entire country was employed (not necessarily for a wage) for the otherwise unproductive third season of their year. One for planting, one for harvest, and one to help the pharaoh build his pyramid.
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It was the Goa'uld Osiris, Sokar, Ra, Apophis and Cronos who oversaw the production, and their human slaves who did the laboring.
TemodyPickalbatros, IT ManagerCommented:
Very interesting discussion
From a historical and theoretical knowledge also that Pharaohs used Jewish slaves to build the pyramids and huge temples  but engineers and planners of the priests were either Egyptians
About how to build ? They were attending the mud of the Nile to set fire to it until it turns to stone
Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
Judaism is claimed to be 3000 years old, the pyramids at Giza were built 5000 years ago. There can't have been many Jewish slaves around.
>>  They were attending the mud of the Nile to set fire to it until it turns to stone

You can't make stones out of mud.  They know where the stones in the Great Pyramid were quarried.
Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
The very early step pyramid at saqqara was built with mud bricks. The later Dsoser step pyramid is assumed to be a copy of the construction form and was built with stone.
Of course there may have been many mud brick constructions at different ages but only the stone ones are remaining.
Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
There are many theories of how they moved and raised the stones, the most popular currently being the use of ramps, which have been cleared away so completely as to leave no trace, and dragging the stones on a slick of mud. The use of wooden rollers is unlikely as wood was a scarce commodity and used for furniture or shipbuilding.

I have always enjoyed this guy's idea. It sounds completely barmy at first read, but it sort of grows on you and could almost be possible.
It certainly would reduce the necessary manpower.
GMartinAuthor Commented:
Hello and Good Afternoon Everyone

              I am really enjoying taking in the insightful feedback given in response to my question.  This is really turning out to be a really thought provoking discussion.  While I am following everything being presented so far, there was one thing which went over my head.  Who were  Goa'uld Osiris, Sokar, Ra, Apophis and Cronos?


Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
That wasn't the best link sorry.
This one is better

The site used to be more open but now they want you to buy their book.
I probably wouldn't advise that.
Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
They have converted what used to be text into a series of videos which look like they contain the same info. It's a shame because it was very well written. I only skimmed a couple of the videos but they look like the same story, with moving graphics now!
martushaProduct managerCommented:
All levels of ancient Egyptian society built the pyramids, not the slaves. But the question how it was organized itself for this hard work.
Nice article: http://harvardmagazine.com/2003/07/who-built-the-pyramids-html
Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
That's an interesting article martusha.
GMartinAuthor Commented:
Hello and Good Evening Everyone

             Thanks so much for your shared insights and resourceful links given in reply to this intriguing question.  Overall, I am under the impression that the answers are mixed when it comes to addressing who actually built the pyramids.  In any case, it is still interesting reviewing all of the theories which attempt to explain the construction of an ancient civilization so long ago.

Thibault St john Cholmondeley-ffeatherstonehaugh the 2ndCommented:
Thanks for the interesting thread George. They are marvellous buildings, still standing after thousands of years, and huge!
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