use awk and cut

Hello,
Have a file where I need to look at the first line and then look at a postion 30 - 45 on that line and cut the value to be use in a variable.

I have
testname=$(awk 'NR==1|{cut -c30-45}' $file )


thanks
bjeAsked:
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woolmilkporcCommented:
testname=$(awk 'NR==1 {print substr($0,30,16)}' $file)
echo $testname

"awk" does not have "cut". "awk" has "substr()".
woolmilkporcCommented:
Of course you can use "cut" outside of "awk", but this would mean forking two external programs instead of one:

testname=$(awk 'NR==1' $file | cut -c30-45)
or
testname=$(cut -c30-45 <<< $(awk 'NR==1' $file))

echo $testname

And there are still "expr" and ("head" or "awk"):

testname=$(expr substr $(head -1 $file) 30 16)
or
testname=$(expr substr $(awk 'NR==1' $file) 30 16)

echo $testname

"head"and "cut" can also be combined, of course:

testname=$(cut -c30-45 <<< $(head -1 $file))
or
testname=$(head -1 $file | cut -c30-45)

echo $testname

Still two forks, though.

One fork ("head" or "awk"), works under bash only:

L=$(head -1 $file)
or
L=$(awk 'NR==1' $file)

testname=${L:29:16}
echo $testname

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bjeAuthor Commented:
Thank you
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