Clients can't connect by name

I have an ailing Windows s2008 R2 server.  This server has several file shares.  Users are able to connect to these shares using the IP in the UNC - \\\data, but can't connect using the name - \\Win2008\data.  I get a message box saying "\\win2008 is not accessible.  You might not have permission to use this network resource.  Logon Failure: The target account name is incorrect"  

Net View give me a little more information.  When I do net view \\\  I see all the shares on that machine.  When I do net view \\win2008 I get an error 5 - permission.

This server is also a DC.  I believe I could fix this problem by demoting it and repromoting it but it also has several of the FSMO roles on it.  When I try to move these roles to another server I get the message "Win32 error returned is 0x20af (The requested FSMO operation failed.  The current FSMO holder could not be contacted."  I am reluctant to seize the roles from that machine as that has always resulted in problems in the past.

I have tried rebooting the machine.

The recent history of this machine includes a half day of downtime and a transition from a single NIC in a 192.168.0.x/24 network to having two NICS with one in the 192.168.0.x/24 network and another in the 10.12.50.x/24 network to a single NIC in the 10.12.50.x/24 network.  The proper IP, is registered in the DNS.  I don't have any name resolution problems I'm aware of.

Thanks for any help.

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sounds like there is a problem with the name resolution, is netbios over tcp/ip enabled in services.msc?
Are you sure this machine is in the same workgroup?

Also, are you able to access your fileshares on the server directly by going to \\Win2008\ ?
Go to control panel > administrative tools > services

Can you verify the TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper service in services.msc is started?  If not then start the service and try again.  Make sure this is running on both the workstation and server too to be safe.

What happens when you ping the server by name?  Do you get host not found?
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Hypercat (Deb)Commented:
What IPs are specified for the DNS server(s) on the 2008 server itself?  It should be pointing to itself, and I'm wondering if in the process of changing the IPs, the DNS setting wasn't changed or was set to the loopback address instead of the specific IP address of the server.
You also can try entering the server's ip address and name directly on the host file of the client machine.  Win2008

If it does work then the problem is with host name resolution.  You can follow this link for troubleshooting:

Microsoft TCP/IP Host Name Resolution Order:
Hypercat (Deb)Commented:
Also, make sure that the workstations have been restarted since the changes in the server IP address.  Some workstations could have cached the old IP address for that server in their local arp or DNS cache.
labdunnAuthor Commented:
Neither the clients (Windows 7)  or the server (Windows 2008 R2) have the NetBIOS over TCP service.

The client machines are all in a domain.  All client machines are having problems connecting to this server only.  They are able to access shares on other servers without resorting to the IP address.
Do you get a reply when you ping this server using the hostname?
labdunnAuthor Commented:
Yes I get a reply from the proper machine when pinging by hostname and FQDN.  

We have done ipconfig/flushdns on the client we were testing from after all the readdressing was completed.

All the problem server and the client we've been testing from are both using as their DNS server.  We have verified that the DNS on has the address  for the Windows2008 server

The NetBIOS over TCP service is started on Windows2008.
You might need to copy and paste the error logs on the 2008 dns server and post here. Then we can analyze it better and look up some solutions.
If hostname resolution is fine when pinging and mapping to other servers using hostname are also fine then the only thing left that comes to mind is this:

This is similar to a problem I've run into myself, where targets could be pinged either way (by name or IP) but could be connected to only through their IPs (e.g. \\123.456.789.123 instead of \\servername), all this happening only from a Windows 7 machine. The targets could also be reached using "net use \\servername\resource", oddly. The error was something like "unknown user". Turns out stale credentials was being used from the Windows 7 machine. Have your users go to Control Panel: User Accounts: Manage My Account: Manage My Credentials. Most likely there will be saved credentials entries for the targets they're having trouble with. Have them delete the saved credentials entries and then try reconnecting normally.
labdunnAuthor Commented:
I had to call Microsoft for help on this one.  The problem was Secure channel was broken for Win2008.  MS used netdom resetpwd /s:Win2008 /ud:administrator /pd:* on the afflicted machine to remedy the problem.

Thank you to all for your help and suggestions.

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labdunnAuthor Commented:
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