Custom function in SQL stored procedure?

Is it possible to create a temporary function in a stored procedure?

e.g.
SELECT 
    A = (CASE X WHEN...)
    B = (CASE Y WHEN...)
    C = (CASE Z WHEN...)
...

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The CASE statement is identical except for the parameter X,Y,Z. It would be nice to pull this CASE statement out into a function. But the function is specific to this stored procedure, so I don't necessarily want to create a global external function.
deleydSoftware EngineerAsked:
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Jim HornMicrosoft SQL Server Data DudeCommented:
Yes, but if all the function does is have one parameter, a big honkin' CASE block, and return a scalar value, then I recommend coding this in your SP's/views/whatever and not in a scalar function, as using scalar functions degrades the Query Optimizer's ability to generate accurate plans, as it doesn't incorporate the function plan into it's own.

Having said that, give us a better data mockup of what you're trying to pull off here.
Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
No, not that I know of.  You can use dynamic SQL to create a standard function,  use it in the proc, and then delete it, but there's no such thing as a "temporary function" the way there is, say, a temporary table.
deleydSoftware EngineerAuthor Commented:
I realized it's a bit more complicated. Here's some code snippets:
         'FacilityRegion' = CASE WHEN FAA.zip IN (93434, 93454, 93455, 93456, 93457, 93458, 93254)
							    THEN 'Santa Maria' 
							    WHEN FAA.zip IN (93427, 93436, 93437, 93438, 93440, 93441, 93460, 93463)
								THEN 'Lompoc'
								WHEN FAA.zip IN (93101, 93103, 93105, 93108, 93109, 93110, 93111, 93117,93013,93014, 93067)
								THEN 'Santa Barbara'
								ELSE 'All Others' END

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When it's used again, FAA.zip_1 is replaced with a different table different column.

I suppose it's OK to place this in the global Functions area of SSMS. How would that look converted to a function? Or is that a bad idea because it thwarts optimization?

I'm actually not interested in the zip code at all, I'm interested in the Region.

Furthermore, some facilities have two addresses.

Now say I have a table named Facility containing Facility IDs, and I want to JOIN with the Facility_Address table which gives the zip code.

Some Facilities have two addresses, so I'll end up with two rows for that facility ID, one for each address.

But what I really want is the Region. If both zip codes are in the same Region, then I want the JOIN to give me just one row result listing the Region.

The CASE statement above is used to convert a zip code to a Region.

Facility Table   Facility_Address Table
--------------   ----------------------
Facility_ID      Facility_ID   Zip Code
   1                1            93101
                    1            93103

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What SELECT statement will give me a one line result (even though Facility 1 has two zip codes):
Facility_ID  Region
-----------  ------
   1         Lompoc

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Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
Create a zip code to Region table, then do lookups in that table.   A function will typically be much slower than a table lookup for anything between a few values.  Be sure to cluster the table on the lookup key, in this case zip code, NOT on a dummy identity value!!
deleydSoftware EngineerAuthor Commented:
Zip code to Region table sounds like a good idea.

How will the SELECT statement deal with the case where the zip code is not in the lookup table? (The "All Others" case.)
Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
Do an OUTER JOIN; the result will be NULL if the zip code is not found.  Will post an example ASAP.
Scott PletcherSenior DBACommented:
CREATE TABLE dbo.Zip_Lookup (
    zip varchar(10) NOT NULL,
    region varchar(30) NULL,
    CONSTRAINT Zip_Lookup__PK PRIMARY KEY ( zip )
    )

INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93434', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93454', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93455', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93456', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93457', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93458', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93254', 'Santa Maria'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93427', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93436', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93437', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93438', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93440', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93441', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93460', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93463', 'Lompoc'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93101', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93103', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93105', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93108', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93109', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93110', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93111', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93117', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93013', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93014', 'Santa Barbara'
INSERT INTO Zip_Lookup SELECT '93067', 'Santa Barbara'


SELECT td.*, ISNULL(zl.Region, 'All Others') AS Region
FROM (
    SELECT '93427' AS zip UNION ALL
    SELECT '93111' UNION ALL
    SELECT '90210'
) AS td --test_data
LEFT OUTER JOIN dbo.Zip_Lookup zl ON zl.zip = td.zip

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deleydSoftware EngineerAuthor Commented:
Super!
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