How do I know my network is working properly ?

Sometimes some of our stations and specially our printers get disconected for a few seconds.
Sometimes Windows takes time to show some mapped folders on some stations
sometimes shortcuts on the stations pointing to the server lose their target.
Among other less frequent problems.

Is it posible to know or have a list of steps to follow in order to know if the network is properly set ?
two of independent LANs are remote and use a workgroup because there is no system specialist there.
Our central LAN here has a DOMAIN we do have a system manager here, but still then I would like to know what to expect or ask from him.
we use win 2012 server and win 8 and win 7 stations
RGuillermoProject ManagerAsked:
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Kash2nd Line EngineerCommented:
This is not not a 2 minute job. Here are somethings to check for slow network performance. Its just a start up.

1. What kind of network you have (Star, Mesh etc, i.e: Topology)
2. What kind of Network Devices you have. i.e: switches, routers, cabling
3. What kind of network cards are there in Workstations
4. Are the Workstations Wired in or Wireless?

You might want to start doing up a basic diagram and then expand into detailed one slowly

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You might also want to turn off Power management on the servers NIC
RGuillermoProject ManagerAuthor Commented:
Excellent! thank you,
These steps opened a whole new view and possibilities to control the network.
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