SQL: getting results of a column based on a grouping of another column

I need to query a table that as a global Id that goes across many system id's.  (So the global id will be repeated for every system ID).   and I need to check if that system id value is in two other columns root id and parent id.  If its in either column then N else Y.  But when I check for system Id value in the two columns in needs to check all records based on global id.  On below example i need to check for system id = 12536a3 in root id and parent id columns for all records with global ID 1252z1

global id      system id         root id      parent id
1252z1      12536a3            12536p9
1252z1      12536z3      12536a3      
1252z1      12536p9            12536z3
1252z1      12536p9      12536z3      12536z3
1252z1      12536m9            

Let me know if you need any other details.

thanks in advanced.
Oscar RodriguezAsked:
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Mike EghtebasDatabase and Application DeveloperCommented:
could you also give the expected output from this sample data?
Steve BinkCommented:
I have two options for you:
select t1.global_id,t1.system_id,t1.root_id,t1.parent_id, 
	IF((SELECT COUNT(*) FROM my_table t2 
	    WHERE t2.global_id=t1.global_id AND 
	         (t1.system_id = t2.root_id OR t1.system_id = t2.parent_id)) > 0 ,'N','Y'
	) as result
FROM my_table t1;

select t1.global_id,t1.system_id,t1.root_id,t1.parent_id, IF(count(t2.system_id)>0,'N','Y') as result
from test t1 LEFT JOIN 
	test t2 ON t1.global_id=t2.global_id AND (t1.system_id = t2.root_id OR t1.system_id = t2.parent_id)
GROUP BY t1.global_id, t1.system_id, t1.root_id, t1.parent_id;

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Try each and see which gets better performance for you.  In each case, you may benefit from an index on the root_id and parent_id fields.
PortletPaulEE Topic AdvisorCommented:
I derived this result:
| global_id | system_id | root_id | parent_id | yntest |
|    1252z1 |   12536p9 | 12536z3 |   12536z3 |      N |
|    1252z1 |   12536a3 | 12536p9 |    (null) |      N |
|    1252z1 |   12536z3 | 12536a3 |    (null) |      N |
|    1252z1 |   12536p9 | 12536z3 |    (null) |      N |
|    1252z1 |   12536m9 |  (null) |    (null) |      Y |

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From the following query
    , case when r.root_id IS NULL and p.parent_id IS NULL then 'Y' else 'N' end as yntest
from Table1 t
left join (
          select global_id, root_id
          from Table1
          group by global_id, root_id
          ) r on t.global_id = r.global_id
             and t.root_id = r.root_id
left join (
          select global_id, parent_id
          from Table1
          group by global_id, parent_id
          ) p on t.global_id = p.global_id
             and t.parent_id = p.parent_id

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Using this data
    (`global_id` varchar(70), `system_id` varchar(70)
     , `root_id` varchar(70), `parent_id` varchar(70)
    (`global_id`, `system_id`, `root_id`, `parent_id`)
    ('1252z1', '12536a3', '12536p9', NULL),
    ('1252z1', '12536z3', '12536a3', NULL),
    ('1252z1', '12536p9', '12536z3', NULL),
    ('1252z1', '12536p9', '12536z3', '12536z3'),
    ('1252z1', '12536m9', NULL, NULL)

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see the interactive demo here: http://sqlfiddle.com/#!9/341ca/3

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Julian HansenCommented:
Just so I understand: what would the following be missing in terms of what you are looking for?
WHERE `globalid` = '1252z1' AND (`rootid` = '12536a3' OR parentid='12536a3');

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awking00Information Technology SpecialistCommented:
So from your example,do you want to return Y and, if so, why or N and, if so, why?
Oscar RodriguezAuthor Commented:
Thank you, that was very helpful.
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