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Make-up time. If an employee requests to take time off for a personal obligation, that employee can request to make up the time he or she missed due to the personal obligation on another day within the same workweek. Specifically, the law provides that an individual can work up to 11 hours in one day to make up for time missed on another day due to a personal obligation without the employer having to pay that employee overtime. The make-up time can also be spread out over one week, as long as the total time in one workweek does not exceed 40 hours.
In order to trigger this exemption, the employee must provide the employer with a signed, written request to make up time missed for a personal obligation. The employer may notify his or her employees of the right to make-up time, however, the employer may not solicit or encourage an employee to make up time he or she has missed.
Moreover, an employer is not liable for overtime pay if an employee, after working makeup time to take time off later in the week, decides not to take the time off after all. An employer should maintain a time-record system reflecting makeup time, and may also require an employee to attach a copy of the signed time request for that pay period to his/her timecard for that pay period.
Alternative workweek schedule. An employer can implement an alternative workweek schedule without having to pay overtime. An alternative workweek schedule is defined by the IWC as a schedule wherein an employee works no more than 10 hours a day or 40 hours a workweek. For example, an employer could allow employees to work four 10-hour workdays instead of five 8-hour days.
Alternative workweek schedules are not meant for a handful of employees within a department who want flexibility. With limited exceptions, everyone in the work unit must work the alternative workweek. The Labor Code defines a “work unit” as a: division, department, job classification, shift, separate physical location, or recognized subdivision of any work unit.
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