Errors when installing Microsoft Exchange Server 2013

I attempted to install the Microsoft Exchange Server 2013  on a Windows Server 2012 R2, all updates installed, as well as SQL Server 208 r2, both are evaluation installs for 180 days.

This is the only computer we intend to use, everything on it, ColdFusion 11,  SQL Server, and Exchange Server for SMTP with Pop3 mail. We have no use for the Exchange Server other than for pop3 mail accounts.

Anyway, when attempting to install the Exchange Server 2013 Setup, and checking to verify that Exchange is ready it runs the Prerequisite Analysis which returns the errors I attached here as a text file.

Not that I'm logged in locally using the Administrator account and ran the Exchange setup as Administrator.

It seems the Exchange Server wants to install Active Directory, and be a member of some domain I'm not sure about.

I've never installed Active Directory and don't want to take the chance of screw up the install of the OS which has taken far too long what with the problems of CF configuration with ISS 8.5.

I've read the Microsoft requirements for Exchange Server 2013 but it's far too confusing, as usual for MS products, if you're not an expert.

So the question is: Is it possible to install MS Exchange Server 2013, or any recent Exchange Server onto our current OS mentioned without requiring yet another computer to act as domain controller, which we do not have and do not want?

Again, other than our work stations, we have just the one Win2012R2 server and that's the way it has to remain. All we want is to control  our own mail server locally, just like Hillary, and with no classified material at all.

If so, how do we get around these error messages?
exchange-install-error.txt
Grover McBroomAsked:
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Spaz_ITCommented:
This is correct your server needs to be a member of a domain.
You should setup your server to the domain that will be associated with your email address, for instance myaddress@mydomain.com.

In the above example mydomain.com is your domain, and you should make the server a domain controller. It's actually a quick and easy process.

Mind you if you do not want to do that you can get an external monthly hosted exchange service for pretty cheap. You will however still need a domain to setup email services on the externally hosted exchange server.

Here is a step by step guide on how to setup a domain controller... http://social.technet.microsoft.com/wiki/contents/articles/12370.windows-server-2012-set-up-your-first-domain-controller-step-by-step.aspx

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Tyler BrooksNetwork and Security ConsultantCommented:
So far as I am aware you have to be part of an active directory domain to deploy an exchange server. You can make your current server the DC as well as the exchange server (although I know that MS doesn't recommend deploying a 2013 Exchange server on a DC).

Configuring the server to act as a DC with active directory is fairly straight forward if you decide to go that way here is a fairly good article that walks you through it.

Sorry I'm sure that wasn't the answer you were looking for.
Grover McBroomAuthor Commented:
Thanks for the quick response.

We have no Domain Controller if that's what you mean by 'DC'. Should we try to install Active Directory on this same Server? Would you think the lack of a Active Directory install represents most of the errors shown?

If we tried to installed Active Directory on this same Think Server running the OS and software mentioned, is it probable there may be some conflict running a DC with IIS8 and CF11, create a problem with websites all running on the same box? Can it all be done on the same server? That is the big question, one we don't want to get into without some advise.

Or are we forced to use a second server and if so, we will not use Exchange.  I just don't want to install the OS again.
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Spaz_ITCommented:
There shouldn't be any conflicts at all and you will not have to install the OS again.
You can always remove a server from a domain.

The software will not be affected.
Grover McBroomAuthor Commented:
> There shouldn't be any conflicts at all.

Thanks Tyler. Sounds hopeful. But just want to be sure what you're saying, that installing Active Directory on the same PC server should not create any conflicts AND that it might solve all or most of the error messages?

If so, I'll remove the 1TB hard drive (drive C:) and clone it, then use the cloned drive to install AD so we have a backup just in case.
Tyler BrooksNetwork and Security ConsultantCommented:
Yes DC= Domain Controller.

It is possible to use your current server to create a domain controller, however Microsoft doesn't recommend it. I haven't ever attempted it myself but from what I understand the domain controller services can prevent some of the exchange services from starting correctly.

There shouldn't be any conflicts with your IIS etc.
Spaz_ITCommented:
Correct turning the Server into a DC will not affect the software on the server itself.

You can clone it if you'd like, I do not see any harm in that, however you don't need to.
Tyler BrooksNetwork and Security ConsultantCommented:
Most of your error messages look as though they tie directly to active directory.
Spaz_ITCommented:
As Tyler pointed out MS does not recommend installing exchange on a DC.
Here is a article on that.
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms.exch.setupreadiness.warninginstallexchangerolesondomaincontroller(v=exchg.160).aspx

Alternatively you can create another Hyper-V server on your DC, domain join it, and run exchange services on that.
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/hh846766.aspx
Grover McBroomAuthor Commented:
Looks like you're both saying that a second server will be required, and if so, we cannot, will not use it.  I'll wait for any final comments then give the points based on what I've seen.
Tyler BrooksNetwork and Security ConsultantCommented:
Yes, to run an Exchange server you would ideally need a second server to act as the domain controller. You could set it up virtually on the same physical box using hyper-v but you would need a second windows server license.
Spaz_ITCommented:
Hyper-V is a hypervisor software which allows you to emulate hardware in software and run multiple operating systems on the same physical box.
Mal OsborneAlpha GeekCommented:
If you just need POP3, might be simpler to install a 3rd party addon. (or use Windows 2003, which ships with one).

Take a look at this:

http://jebass.blogspot.com.au/2009/02/making-pop3-smtp-server-work-with.html
Grover McBroomAuthor Commented:
Thanks for all your help.

Malmensa - Wouldn't want to use Windows 2003 server again as it's not supported, and yes, a 3rd party mail server is certainly a good idea. An example is IceWarp, excellent but minimum $1000 a year, every year. We used Windows 2003 SMTP and POP3 before but has no configured spam filter other than what you configure and the net result with all those NT accounts means we get hit hard.

Tyler and Spaz_IT - Will look into Hyper-v to see what we'd need to do but not using Exchange means we'll be looking for more 3rd party servers. Maybe Hillary Clinton has an old mail server she no longer wants.

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"You must assign a minimum of 50 points to all answers."

What a MESS!
Assigning points to multiple people like this can be a nightmare. I spent the last 20 minutes attempting to spread the points the way I think they should be but was not able to do so and had to rely on the program to do so. The page does not need to reload each time, which causes one to lose their place and there are other problems. The EE interface here is one of the most idiotic I've ever seen and makes me NOT want to ask another question or return.  EE should hire someone who can create a decent interface. This one sucks. I know this is not the area to make such complaints but frankly, I don't have the time to find it. Really disappointing.
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