How Order allow,deny works in apache?

Below example prevent anyone from viewing the  .htaccess and .htpasswd files. How does it works here. Shouldn't it have only one line like "Deny from all". Is there a situation when it will allow to see these files?

# The following lines prevent .htaccess and .htpasswd files from being
# viewed by Web clients.
#
<Files ~ "^\.ht">
    Order allow,deny
    Deny from all
</Files>

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beer9Asked:
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Ugo MenaCommented:
.htaccess make configuration changes on a per-directory basis. A file, containing one or more configuration directives, is placed in a particular document directory, and the directives apply to that directory, and all subdirectories thereof.

The order in which the allow and deny commands are applied is not set by the order in which they appear in your file. The default order is deny then allow: if a client is excluded by deny, it is excluded unless it matches allow. If neither is matched, the client is granted access.

The order in which these commands is applied can be set by the order directive.

IN your case the .htaccess file is set to deny all users from seeing any file that contains "\.ht" in that directory and all subdirectories. So it is already doing "Deny from all and allow what is allowed." You are just not allowing any access to those files matched by the regular expression.

The only way it would allow access is if there was another .htaccess file in a higher directory that allows access to subdirectories.

More help and explanations here: Apache.org .htaccess tutorials
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