Folder permissions

Dear Experts
I am sure this is pretty simple question for you. I have 3 folders on my network i.e. 1->2-->3. I want user A to have access to r/w access to folder 3. But user cannot see it, I am thinking he needs some kind of access to folder 1and 2 first? If I only set "list folder contents" for 1 and 2 than this would take precedence. Please help.

Thanks in advance.
itcsproAsked:
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Michael-BestCommented:
You can set file and folder permissions only on drives formatted to use NTFS.
To change permissions, you must be the owner or have been granted permission to do so by the owner.

See:
"Set, View, Change, or Remove Permissions on Files and Folders"
Read this for more info:
https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc754344.aspx?f=255&MSPPError=-2147217396
itcsproAuthor Commented:
This guide just tells me how to add or remove someone's permission on a folder which I already know. My question specifically related to the folder in folder permissions issue.
NVITEnd-user supportCommented:
> 3 folders on my network i.e. 1->2-->3. I want user A to have access to r/w access to folder 3.
You could make a share of folder 3. Then, user would connect to the share.
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itcsproAuthor Commented:
I could but I would like to work with permissions if I have that option available.
NVITEnd-user supportCommented:
Without a share, to see folder 3, user needs admin access to drive letter of folder. e.g. D:\1\2\3
itcsproAuthor Commented:
Sorry, what is a admin access? I am aware of the permissions I.e. Full permission , modify , ready and execute and all that.
NVITEnd-user supportCommented:
The user needs to be an administrator of the computer that has folder 3

I assume your original question means you don't want user to have access to \1 and \1\2, but just allow read-write at \1\2\3.
Steven CarnahanNetwork ManagerCommented:
If I only set "list folder contents" for 1 and 2 than this would take precedence

Your are correct. In order to traverse the tree to get to folder 3 user must have at least list permissions in the parent folder(s) to be able to see their way down to the folder that they have higher permissions in.
itcsproAuthor Commented:
Yes, user cannot be local admin of the workstation. He needs r/w access to folder 3 which is in folder 2 which is in folder 1 on the root without having access to folder 1 and 2. List content is fine.
itcsproAuthor Commented:
Pony@ list content is fine but how can give full access to folder 3 when list only will take precedence?
Steven CarnahanNetwork ManagerCommented:
I usually turn off inheritance on the folder (folder 3 in this case) and set the desired permissions.
itcsproAuthor Commented:
I thought so to. This wouldn't break the permissions for other right? I mean it won't mess up anything else with anyone?
Steven CarnahanNetwork ManagerCommented:
When you turn off inheritance it asks if you want to copy the permissions. Say yes and it will keep everything it inherited.  Then you find user A and change the permissions you want that individual to have.  That will prevent any other permissions from being altered.
zalazarCommented:
The user would need indeed list access on folder 1 and 2 to be able to browse to folder 3.

When you would add list access for user A on folder 1.
Then these permission won't take precedence over r/w (Modify) permissions on folder 3.
But it's actually better to do it as follows.

Get the properties of folder 1 and click the Security tab.
Add User A (or maybe better a group where "User A" is member of or you could even use "Authenticated Users") and only assign "List folder contents".
Then click the Advanced button, "Change Permissions" and then edit the permissions of "User A".
Change apply to: "This folder and subfolders" to "This folder only".

The go to folder 2 and do exactly the same there.
So add "User A" with "List folder contents" for "This folder only".

Then go to folder 3 and assign Modify permissions for "User A".

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itcsproAuthor Commented:
Bingo, that's exactly what I was looking for. Thanks!
Steven CarnahanNetwork ManagerCommented:
That effectively does the same as simply turning off inheritance at the lowest level.  The difference being is say you create a new folder 4 inside of folder 1.  Due to inheritance, anyone with list permissions at folder 1 would "inherit" those permission on folder 4.  Using Zalazar's method would prevent the list permissions on folder 4.

There are good reasons for doing it both ways depending on what your long term goals are.  

Best of luck
itcsproAuthor Commented:
Both are the best answers , I will use them both in different scenarios. Thanks guys.
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