PHP: Redirection Header Before Background Processes Complete

Using PHP, how can I send a redirect header first, then do something in the background after the browser has already be redirected?  

In the example below, even though the redirection is called for immediately, there is a 30 second pause before it occurs.


// do Something in the background


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Mark BradyPrincipal Data EngineerCommented:
Each line of code is evaluated one at a time. Your sleep(30) line will never be evaluated because the browser has already been redirected causing execution of that page to stop.

On the other hand, if you do something in the background before calling the redirect then the redirect will not occur until the background
<?php // test.php

// do some stuff here then...

$external_file = 'tasks.php';
exec('php tasks.php > /dev/null 2>&1 &'); // you can add arguments to this line if you need to pass them to the script

// forget the 30 second sleep because the above line will execute immediately and start processing the next line of code which should be your redirect.


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code has finished.

What I would do is whatever the tasks you need to run in the background, put that code in a different php file then you execute that file first, then do the redirect.

Something like this....
Dave BaldwinFixer of ProblemsCommented:
You can't do that in PHP, at least not with the code you posted.  The 'header' is something the web server sends to the browser.  And the web server will wait until the PHP script is done before it sends anything in your code because there is no content.

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Ray PaseurCommented:
Using PHP, how can I send a redirect header first, then do something in the background after the browser has already be redirected?  
This is an undependable strategy.  The header() function will send a command to the browser, then the script will keep right on running.  Exactly when the browser redirects -- that is somewhat unpredictable.  It will probably send a "stop" to the server, but that is not certain.

The correct way to do this is to start an asynchronous process.  This can be started with fsockopen() or a cURL POST request.
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