Write hour with the character ":" (javascript ot jquery)

Hi E's,
I have a form with a input for customer write the hour and minutes, in this format: hh:mm.
I need a solution for the character ":" always be present automatically when customer write the hour and the minutes, like this (example for 20:30):
1 character: 2:
2 character: 20:
3 character: 20:3
4 character: 20:30
I try to found a solution in Internet, but I don't know the correct phrase for this subject.
Can you help me please.

The best regards, JC
LVL 3
Pedro ChagasWebmasterAsked:
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Lee SavidgeCommented:
if(myTimeField.length == myTimeField.replace(":", "").length)
{
 alert("Time format invalid");
}

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Lee SavidgeCommented:
Oh hang on, I misread your question :) My bad. Let me rethink.
0
Lee SavidgeCommented:
This is something you can only really do when you leave the field, so the onblur event would be the best bet.

Something like:

<input id=myTimeField onblur=fixTimeFormat()>

<script>
function fixTimeFormat()
{
  var iLen = myTimeField.length;

  if(iLen == myTimeField.replace(":", "").length)
  {
    // The : is missing so we need to insert it
    if(iLen == 1 || iLen == 2)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").value + ":";
    else if(iLen == 3)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").substr(0,2) + ":" + document.getElementById("myTimeField").substr(2,1);
    else if(iLen == 4)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").substr(0,2) + ":" + document.getElementById("myTimeField").substr(2,2);
  }
}

</script>

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I've not tested this myself but I'd do it this way. Easy to read. There may well be more elegant solutions or more efficient solutions, but I prefer readability in code more than anything unless performance is a particular issue.
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Julian HansenCommented:
You can use an input mask library like this one
https://github.com/RobinHerbots/jquery.inputmask

HTML
<input type="text" name="hour" data-inputmask="'mask': '99:99'"/>

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Javascript
<script src="http://code.jquery.com/jquery.js"></script>
<script src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/RobinHerbots/jquery.inputmask/3.x/js/inputmask.js"></script>
<script src="https://raw.githubusercontent.com/RobinHerbots/jquery.inputmask/3.x/js/jquery.inputmask.js"></script>
<script>
$(function(){
  $(":input").inputmask();
});
</script>

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Working sample here
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Lee SavidgeCommented:
See, I knew there would be a better option ^^
0
Pedro ChagasWebmasterAuthor Commented:
Hi, @Lee Savidge,
Your solution don't work.
Do you want to fix?

The best regards, JC
0
Lee SavidgeCommented:
Do you get an errors? As I said I hadn't tested it and wrote it off the top of my head. Give me a minute.
0
Lee SavidgeCommented:
I had a few simple errors. This works:

<input type=txt id=myTimeField onblur=fixTimeFormat() maxlength=5>
<input type=submit value=Submit>
<script>
function fixTimeFormat()
{
  var myTimeField = document.getElementById("myTimeField");
  var iLen = myTimeField.value.length;
    

  if(iLen == myTimeField.value.replace(":", "").length)
  {
    // The : is missing so we need to insert it
    if(iLen == 1 || iLen == 2)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").value + ":";
    else if(iLen == 3)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").value.substr(0,2) + ":" + document.getElementById("myTimeField").value.substr(2,1);
    else if(iLen == 4)
      document.getElementById("myTimeField").value = document.getElementById("myTimeField").value.substr(0,2) + ":" + document.getElementById("myTimeField").value.substr(2,2);
    else if(iLen > 4)
    {
      alert("Too many characters in string");
    }
  }
}

</script>

Open in new window


See here: https://jsfiddle.net/9ku52er7/
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