How do I encrypt user data in my database for my ecommerce opencart site?

I have just built a custom coded opencart-based ecommerce site. I have several registration forms on the site for different types of users and I am saving their info in the database which is also used by a custom Customer Relationship Management system I have built in OpenCart (to track user purchases and behaviour on the website).

What I am worried about is that the data related to all my users is in text format in the database - if I open the db in a text editor or in phpmyadmin I can read anything I want. How do I encrypt this data in the database so that even if there were to be a hack attempt, this data would be safe.

By the way I already have an EV SSL Certificate installed on the website so traffic itself should be protected from prying eyes. My concerns are purely database related.

Please advise.

thanks in advance
badwolfffAsked:
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lcohanDatabase AnalystCommented:
"What I am worried about is that the data related to all my users is in text format in the database"

What about BEFORE data reaches and it is stored into the database? You must think for that one as well as most of the time that's where the "sniffers" are and hit you and read it before they get to read your database table(s) sensitive info. If they got that far....not good and I guess you get the idea so please also research that path as well and make it safe.

For database encryption you can use SQL own TDE and please see more details at links below:
http://web.townsendsecurity.com/bid/64783/4-Ways-to-Encrypt-Data-in-Microsoft-SQL-Server

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-CA/library/ms179331(v=sql.100).aspx
badwolfffAuthor Commented:
I am using an EV SSL Certificate by Geotrust so I suppose sniffers are out of the question. All traffic in either direction is completely encrypted. At least that is what GeoTrust says and provides warranty against. Unless I am very much mistaken the certificate I have installed should do that, so please correct me if I am mistaken. This is the certificate I have:

https://www.geotrust.com/uk/ssl/extended-validation-ssl/

By the way I see you have sent me links for doing this with Microsoft SQL server whereas I use MySQL server. Any ideas?
badwolfffAuthor Commented:
Bump
lcohanDatabase AnalystCommented:
Arghh...my bad....so sorry being for so long focused on SQL only.

There's a list of possible encryption functions at link below
http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/encryption-functions.html

You can also create trigger for update and check there field accessable. Something like that:

CREATE TRIGGER crypt_trg BEFORE UPDATE ON table FOR EACH ROW
BEGIN
  IF new.accessable = 0 THEN
    SET new.msg := ENCRYPT(new.msg, 'key');
  ELSE
    SET new.msg := DECRYPT(new.msg, 'key');
  END IF;
END;

You also can update all existing records in you table with this query:

UPDATE table SET msg = IF(accessible = 0, ENCRYPT(msg, 'key'), DECRYPT(msg, 'key'));

And you can select records via PHP code like:

SELECT msg_id, user_id, time, IF(accessible = 0, DECRYPT(msg, 'key'), msg) msg
FROM table

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Encryption

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