gZip compression filter


I am reading below link

GZip compression of the response is enabled by wrapping the HttpServletResponse object in a GZipServletResponseWrapper. This wrapper is passed to the Servlet, JSP etc. which handles the request. When the Servlet, JSP etc. writes output to be sent to the browser, it does so to the response wrapper object. The Servlet, JSP etc. cannot see the difference between a real HttpServletResponse and the wrapper object. The response wrapper object then compresses the written content and writes the compressed content to the HttpServletResponse. Quite simple

I have not understood what author is trying to say above. Can you please advise. I understood simple filter concept which intecepts request and response when we configure through web.xml for any page(like servlet, jsp, static page etc whichever we specify in web.xml url tag).

I did not get what is servlet wrapper class and below three classes
Here is the GZip Servlet filter code. There are not really that many ways you can write it. It is pretty straightforward.

The code consists of 3 classes. A GZipServletFilter, a GZipServletResponseWrapper and a GZipServletOutputStream.

The GZipServletOutputStream is what compresses the content written to it. It does so by using a GZIPOutputStream internally, which is a standard Java class.

When the GZipServletResponseWrapper gives back an OutputStream or PrintWriter to a Servlet or JSP, it is either a GZipServletOutputStream or a PrintWriter that writes to the GZipServletOutputStream which is returned.

The GZipServletFilter is what intercepts the requests, checks if the client accepts compression or not, and enables compression if it does. It does so by wrapping the HttpServletResponse in a GZipServletResponseWrapper before passing it down the filter chain.
please advise
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gzip compression is black magic that web server does with hissing sound and spinning crystal ball.
or in other words:
It is such a low level parameter and implementation specific that it is not worth handling in application.
e.g. HTTP/2 uses different compression and you dont want dependency on deflate only after 5 years.
Here is better explanation of GZIPFilter

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